Cf. Sortable table Abbreviation Meaning ā (a with a bar over it) before (from Latin ante) before: … 28. Modern medical terms and terminology provides such precision and specificity. -ology: The study of a particular concentration. denoting something with a position 'surrounding' or 'around' another, Forms terms denoting conditions relating to eating or ingestion, Forms nouns that denote a person who 'feeds on' the first element or part of the word, Forms nouns that denotes 'feeding on' the first element or part of the word, of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a vein, of or pertaining to light or its chemical properties, now historic and used rarely. Our doctors define difficult medical language in easy-to-understand explanations of over 19,000 medical terms. Psych: Refers to psychiatry or the psychiatric ward. The charts providers use for making notes are often filled with these terms. For example, the word “neuroblastoma” can be broken down this way: “Neuro” - … Any time you listen to an expert speaker, acronyms and abbreviations litter their language. ASAP - as soon as possible 7. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. Medical Coding. 37. Medical terms may also consist of only a prefix and suffix along with a combing vowel for example the common medical condition apnea a = without, pnea = breathing. You’d be wise to start looking. If so, you’re ahead of the game. Benign: Not cancerous. 44. pertaining to conditions or instruments of the, millionth; denoting something as small, relating to smallness, of or pertaining to the nail (of a finger or toe), of or pertaining to an (egg), a woman's egg, the ovum, of or relating to chemical properties of the. 12. This is a short list of common abbreviations you may have seen on a doctor's notepad; a prescription drug package or bottle; lab or other test results; or in your doctor's notes. Jennifer L. Dorsey, PhD has coauthored, revised, and ghostwritten books in the medical, business, and personal growth categories for more than 20 years. 10. Malignant: Indicates the presence of cancerous cells. 32. arthr- + -o- + -logy = arthrology), but generally, the -o- is dropped when connecting to a vowel-stem (e.g. 25. Many times you’ll encounter a medical term that contains a prefix that describes a number. 15. Use this list to get you started. 17. Abscess: A tender, fluid-filled pocket that forms in tissue, usually due to infection. 11. 48. body components, quantity, description, etc.). For the health care professional, it is imperative that precision is used in the way patients’ physical conditions and diseases are described. In fact, engaging with your doctor could result in a healthier life. The world of medical terminology is quite vast, so this list is organized by category to make it a little easier to digest. 24. Prefixes modify or enhance the meaning of the term's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root's meaning. denoting something as straight or correct, denoting something as 'complete' or containing 'everything'; "all", of or pertaining to the nipple (of the chest/breast), denotes (with a negative sense) a disease, or disorder. While building a medical vocabulary and combining and working with word parts, it is important to understand the rules for pluralization. MedTerms medical dictionary is the medical terminology for MedicineNet.com. Biopsy: A small sample of tissue that’s taken for testing. Medical terms … Suffixes. Medical terminology is the language of healthcare. This section contains lists of different root classification (e.g. Beverley Henderson, CMT-R, HRT has more than 40 years of experience in medical terminology and transcription as both an educator and manager. -plasty: Surgical repair. 1. 38. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. Rounding out your existing knowledge with some additional medical terms, abbreviations, and acronyms can help you gain an even better handle on what you hear in the health care world. Pulmon/o: Refers to the lungs. Stat: Immediately. Hemat/o: Pertaining to blood. -lysis: Decomposition, destruction, or breaking down. 8. When combined, you can define a specific medical term. Oste/o: Related to bone. phototropic (taking a particular direction under the influence of light), neurotropic (having an affinity for nerve cells or tissue, e.g. Master today's medical … Outpatient: A patient who receives care without being admitted to a hospital. a neurotropic virus; a neurotropic drug), gonadotropic (pertaining to substances formed in the anterior pituitary gland that affect the activity of the ovary or testis). This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies. 49. These general medical terms are oftentimes abbreviated for ease of communication. Each list is alphabetized by English meanings, with the corresponding Greek and Latin roots given. 26. Having thoughtful conversations with your physician is about more than just gaining knowledge. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. In medical terminology, suffixes usually signify a medical condition, surgical procedure, diagnostic term, test information, disease, or part of speech. OR: Operating room where surgeries are performed. 23. AMA - against medical advice, American Medical Association 6. Examples of medical terminology used today based on the Greek language are The word semantics is derived from the Greek semantikos, meaning “significant.” Coccyx comes from the Greek word for “cuckoo” — it resembles a cuckoo’s beak. Some evidence shows the most engaged patients tend to have better outcomes. You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. A solid understanding of this language is important for health care professionals and patients alike. 13. 46. 43. AA - amino acid 2. Gastr/o: Related to the stomach. 34. Cardi/o: Related to the heart. Retro-: Behind or backward. of or relating to the part of the trunk between the lowest ribs and the pelvis. DNR: Do not resuscitate, a medical order indicating providers should not perform CPR. HR: Heart rate, expressed as beats per minute. 42. Although international scientific vocabulary is not stringent about segregating combining forms of different languages, it is advisable when coining new words not to mix different lingual roots. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. 17. Build medical terms using the word element, prefix, word root, combining vowel or suffix needed to build the term. Some suffixes also … Sometimes it can feel like medical terminology is a language all of its own. Abbreviations, acronyms, and medical terminology are used for many conditions, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your doctor. Encephal/o: Related to the brain. You’re your own best advocate. 36. 33. Epidermis: The outer layer of the skin. 21. Acute: Signifies a condition that begins abruptly and is sometimes severe, but the duration is short. Abrasion: A cut or scrape that typically isn’t serious. CC - cubic centimeter, chief complaint, critical care, complications, carbon copy 10. BP: Blood pressure. Poly-: Many. 1. LDL-C: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “bad” cholesterol. Inpatient: A patient who requires hospitalization. Suffixes can modify the meaning of the word, often in very important ways. 14 Flu FAQs Answered, Doctor of Medicine/Master of Science (MD/MSC) ›, Doctor of Medicine/Master of Public Health (MD/MPH) ›. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. Chronic: Signifies a recurring, persistent condition like heart disease. The Language of Medicine 11th Edition, Davi-Ellen Chabner, "Root Words & Prefixes: Quick Reference. This nomenclature describes conditions, procedures, medications, instruments and anatomical structures. Derm/a/o, dermat/o: Pertaining to the skin. C/O - complains of, care of 11. As a general rule, this -o- almost always acts as a joint-stem to connect two consonantal roots (e.g. 18. There are many more medical acronyms and abbreviations than what’s listed below. This medical terminology cheat sheet covers a lot of ground, but there will likely be times when you hear something unfamiliar. 4. generally appended where Latin would do it—to the root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle. This article covers 11 rules for changing singular terms to plural terms. There are a few general rules about how they combine. A medical glossary containing a list of medical terminology and medical terms definitions can be useful in many ways. Contusion: A bruise. 18. 16. Perhaps you’re aware of what it means for a condition to be chronic or for a tumor to be benign. To be successful and accurate medical coders must have a solid understanding of common medical terms for various reasons which include: Reading and understanding medical dictation Proper code look up … HDL-C: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “good” cholesterol. CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a life-saving technique that’s also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. Dictionary, MEDictionary, Medical Dictionary, Popular Medical Terms, health Dictionary,doctor, doctorndtv,ndtvdoctor,indian health site,indian medical site 6. You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. The first article in the medical terminology series discussed the word root, suffixes, prefixes and combining vowel. 30. 27. Inflammation of the liver Elements WR: S: 2. ABG - arterial blood gas 3. 2. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. Medical Dictionary is intended for use by healthcare consumers, students, and professionals as well as anyone who wants to keep up with the burgeoning array of terminology found in today’s medical news. Roots. Edema: Swelling caused by fluid accumulation. PT: Physical therapy, a type of treatment to help patients move and feel better. 50. Constructed words are easy to deconstruct and easier to learn as each part has a meaning. 31. 47. 35. 39. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. We all need to know what’s going on with our health. A-, an-: Lack of or without. EKG: Electrocardiogram, a way of monitoring the heart and testing for problems. My/o: Related to muscle. Doctors aim to foster an environment that generates dialogue. Remember: myo (muscle) is … Learn how you can find the right MD by reading our article “How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician.”, 50 Must-Know Medical Terms, Abbreviations, and Acronyms, How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician, Medical Show Myths: 7 Things TV Doctors Always Get Wrong, Health Care Technology: How Medical Providers are Embracing Tech, 75 Top-Notch Medical Blogs Every Health Care Pro Should Know, How Long Does the Flu Last? C - centigrade, celsius 9. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_medical_roots,_suffixes_and_prefixes&oldid=993765578, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles containing Middle English (1100-1500)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, denoting something as different, or as an addition, denoting something as positioned on both sides; describing both of two, Pertaining to the membranous fetal sac (amnion), describing something as positioned in front of another thing, describing something as 'against' or 'opposed to' another, of or pertaining to the armpit (uncommon as a prefix), azothermia: raised temperature due to nitrogenous substances in blood, Indicating 'short' or less commonly 'little', of or pertaining to the head (as a whole), applied to describing processes and parts of the body as likened or similar to horns, denotes a surgical operation or removal of a body part; resection, excision, of or pertaining to the pubic region, the loins, hole, opening, or aperture, particularly in bone, used to form adjectives indicating "having the form of", a hollow or depressed area; a trench or channel, instrument used to record data or picture, denotes something as "the other" (of two), as an addition, or different, denotes something as "the same" as another or common, of or pertaining to the shoulder (or [rarely] the upper arm), of or pertaining to medicine or a physician (, denotes a field in medicine emphasizing a certain body component, of or pertaining to the abdominal wall, flank, denotes someone who studies a certain field (the field of _____-logy); a specialist; one who treats, denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field; the study of. You might even know some of them by a different name. Medical terminology is derived from Latin and Greek and serves as a universal language in the health care arena. 3. 9. 22. Patient education is a huge part of a physician’s job. Pseudo-: False or deceptive, usually in regards to appearance. -pathy: Disease or disease process. 20. Hypertension: High blood pressure. 29. denotes something relating to digestion, or the digestive tract. ADM - admission, admitted 4. BMI: Body mass index, a measure of body fat based on height and weight. Medical terms may begin with a prefix. Fracture: Broken bone or cartilage. These medical terms will keep you feeling smart next time you visit the doctor or watch Grey’s Anatomy. Rx: Prescription, usually for medication but can also signify another treatment. Stasis: Slowing or stopping the flow of a bodily fluid. Whether you’re reading a medical journal, visiting someone at the hospital, or heading to the clinic for your next physical exam, you can benefit from having these medical terms at your disposal. While most of us don’t need to understand discipline-specific terminology outside of our own profession, medical vocabulary is a notable exception. 41. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and … There are so many specialized medical terms that it can be difficult to understand all the jargon used in the doctor's office or to easily recall these long, difficult words for class. But unless you’re planning to become a doctor or another type of provider, this condensed lineup should get you up to speed. 19. Medical terms can be broken down into basic components, making them easier for a layperson to understand. -itis: Signifies inflammation. 16. 1. 7. A-, an-: Lack of or without. Healthcare providers use medical terminology to describe body parts, diseases, procedures, equipment, and more. If you’re an athletic person, for example, you probably know cardiovascular exercise is any activity that gets your heart rate pumping. arthr- + -itis = arthritis, instead of arthr-o-itis). First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary. NICU: Neonatal intensive care unit, a specialized unit that cares for premature infants. 14. This is especially important when it comes to speaking one-on-one with your physician. Medical terms always have at least word root. But what if you don’t have a doctor you see regularly? Regular visits to your primary care physician are key to maintaining good health. When that happens, don’t be afraid to ask for clarity. ED/ER: Emergency department or emergency room. Intravenous: Indicates medication or fluid that’s delivered by vein. Medical prefixes and suffixes. Fans of medical TV shows might already be familiar with some common terms. Every industry has its fair share of jargon. ALS - advanced life support, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 5. 45. For instance, you can refer to it for common medical terms that your physician may have used at an appointment you had with him/her, which you may not have understood fully. The following is an alphabetical list of medical prefixes and suffixes, along with their meanings, origins, and English examples. Medical coding is dependent upon a solid understanding of medical terminology. Second, medical roots generally go together according to language, i.e., Greek prefixes occur with Greek suffixes and Latin prefixes with Latin suffixes. Here are a few of the most common. Some medical root words are intuitive simply based on your experiences. MedTerms online medical dictionary provides quick access to hard-to-spell and often misspelled medical definitions through an extensive alphabetical listing. 5. 40. Most medical terms consist of three basic components: the root word (the base of the term), prefixes (in front of the root word), and suffixes (at the end of the root word). A&W - alive and well 8. See the common root, denotes something as 'after (time)' or 'behind (space)' another, denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time), denotes something as 'first' or 'most-important', denotes something as 'first' or 'most important', Pertaining to a wing; 'pterygo-', wing-shaped, falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse, hemoptysis, the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes, to thicken (as the nucleus does in early stages of cell death), referring to the beginning, or the root, of a structure, usually a nerve or a vein, rachial, rachialgia, rachidian, rachiopathy, burst forth, rapid flow (of blood, usually), of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain, denoting something "split" or "double-sided", denoting something as "full of scales" or "scaly", denoting something as narrow in shape or pertaining to narrowness, abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure, of or pertaining to the upper chest, the area above the breast and under the neck, of or pertaining to the mouth; an artificially created opening, indicates similarity, likeness, or being together; assimilates before some consonants: before, denoting something as fast, irregularly fast, denoting something as relating to a woman, feminine, of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest; the area above the breast and under the neck, of or relating to a blood clot, clotting of blood, denoting something as moving or situated across or through, of or pertaining to hair, hair-like structure, turned toward, with an orientation toward, having an affinity for, affecting, geotropic (The directional growth of an organism in response to gravity), of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system, of or pertaining to the belly, the stomach cavities, of or pertaining to the internal organs, the, having a yellow color, especially an abnormally yellow color, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 11:02. 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Has a meaning myo ( muscle ) is … MedTerms medical dictionary provides in medical terminology access hard-to-spell. Combining vowel ground, but there will likely be times when you hear something.! The root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle abbreviated for ease of communication, acronyms abbreviations! Admitted to a hospital layperson to understand the rules for changing singular to. Or stopping the flow in medical terminology a physician ’ s taken for testing and terminology provides such precision specificity... That forms in tissue, usually due to infection number, location, or! To understand discipline-specific terminology outside of our own profession, medical vocabulary combining... When you hear something unfamiliar good health and serves as a universal language the... But the duration is short flow of a physician ’ s going on with our health TV shows might be... Neonatal intensive care unit, a medical order indicating providers should not perform.... Acronyms, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your doctor could result in a life.

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