Calling on Momin Khan to surrender, the Marathas at once invested the town. Ahmedabad might soon be known as Karnavati, Hyderabad as Bhagyanagar and Aurangabad as Sambhaji Nagar, if the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) has its way. [25], In 1878, the lower classes suffered from high prices of food-grains while the upper classes from the dullness of trade and losses in Bombay mills.[25]. The city was flooded up to Teen Darwaza in 1683. The Chief Minister of Gujarat, Vijay Rupani, says that the name of Ahmedabad city could be changed before the Lok Sabha elections. The famine over, the city soon regained its prosperity. In 1695 it was the headquarters of manufactures, 'the greatest city in India, nothing inferior to Venice for rich silks and gold stuffs curiously wrought with birds and flowers.' A famine in 1630 and the constant power struggle between the Peshwa and the Gaekwad virtually destroyed the city. These (1825–1832), though some of them years of agricultural depression and dull trade, brought a further increase of population to 90,000. Hansalpur Becharaji. Some people find it inappropriate while some are supporting this activity. It yielded a yearly revenue of £155,000 (Rs. After the war, the city was later handed to Fateh Singh Gaekwad who held it for two years. In 1720 Anopsingh Bhandari the deputy viceroy, committed many oppressive acts murdering Kapurchand Bhansali, one of the leading merchants. Refusing to obey the second order, Momin Khan by the promise of half of the revenues of Gujarat and half of Ahmedabad, won Damaji Rao Gaekwad to his side, and bombarding the city, after a siege of some months, captured it in 1738. Under the rule of sultanate (1411–1511) the city p… On 26 January 2001, a devastating earthquake centred near Bhuj, measuring 6.9 on the richter scale, struck the city. Knowing this, and learning that heavy rain had made great breaches in the city walls, Momin Khan II advanced from Cambay. Rich in the produce of every part of the globe, its painters, carvers, in layers, and workers in silver gold and iron, were famous, its mint was one of four allowed to coin gold, and from its Imperial workshops came masterpieces in cotton, silk, velvet and brocade with astonishing figures and patterns, knots and fashions. The city further renewed growth when it gain political freedom by establishment of municipality and opening of railway under British crown rule (1857–1947). [33] Ahmedabad BRTS was inaugurated in 2009. 4,50,000), to let in perpetuity to the Gaekwar the farm of Ahmedabad. On this the Hindus seized a lad the son of a butcher and killed him. A few months later (6 November 1817), it was arranged with the Gaekwad that he should, in payment of a subsidiary force, cede to the British the rights he had obtained under the Peshwa's farm, and, in exchange for territory near Baroda, give up his own share in the city of Ahmedabad. In the next ten years the state of the city improved. The municipal government was established in 1858. Ahmedabad also known as Amdavad Gujarati pronunciation: [ˈəmdɑːvɑːd]) is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat. After independence, Ahmedabad became a provincial town of Bombay state. The city of Ashaval was located on the east of River Sabarmati. The only exception to this transfer was that the Gaekwad was allowed to keep his fort, Gaekwad Haveli, in the south-west corner of the city. — HindolSengupta (@HindolSengupta) November 8, 2018. So crucial is political will, not name change. Two years later in 1575, at a second siege Muzaffar Husain Mirza all but took the city. In 1554 the partition of Gujarat among the nobles, leaving to the nominal king Ahmad Shah II (1554–1561), only the city and neighbourhood of Ahmedabad further affected the city. This shop, in which were more than 500 pounds of gunpowder, was about ten at night found to be on fire. [9], Schools for girls, primarily for those in the upper classes, were founded in the mid-19th century. The jizya tax was imposed on non-Muslims in 1681 and the riots broke out due to famine in the city. The city further suffered following joint Maratha rule. After the Second Anglo-Maratha War, the British East India Company had gained considerable political power and territories. In 1583 Muzaffar Shah III, the last ruler of Gujarat sultanate, recaptured Ahmedabad and spoiled it of gold, jewels, and fine cloth. [30] The following year, a three-day period of violence between Hindus and Muslims in the western Indian state of Gujarat, known as the 2002 Gujarat violence, spread to Ahmedabad; refugee camps were set up around the city and economy was affected. The city was severely damaged and depopulated and the economy was destroyed. For the poor and destitute soup kitchens, langar-khanas, were established. Ahmedabad or Amdavad is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat. Ahmedabad is the largest city in the state of Gujarat. Fath Khan, on his accession, adopted the title Abu-al Fath Mahmud Shah but he was popularly known as Mahmud Begada. For some years tho city improved, its manufactures in 1789 being incomparably better than those of Surat. Under the terms of the treaty, the Peshwa agreed, for a yearly payment of £45,000 (Rs. [17], The fifteen years of Mughal–Maratha joint rule was a time of almost unceasing disturbance. Succeeding Delhi Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq halted in the town during his suppression of the Gujarat mutiny (1347). So unpopular was he that when news reached the city that Shujat Khan had been chosen to succeed him, the people of the town attacked the Bhadra and killed Anopsingh. Current local time in India – Gujarat – Ahmedabad. [14], Mandelslo, in 1638, describes, .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}. [5], Ahmad Shah I, in honour of four Ahmads, himself, his religious teacher Shaikh Ahmad Khattu, and two others, Kazi Ahmad and Malik Ahmad, named it Ahmedabad. He was succeeded by Bahadur Shah. He preferred Champaner to Ahmedabad and expanded his reign to central India and to South Gujarat. List of Cities near Ahmedabad in Gujarat, India The closest cities, towns, suburbs/localities and places to Ahmedabad in Gujarat, India are listed below in order of increasing distance. The Deputy Minister of Gujarat, Nitin Patel, while talking to journalist said that “The name ‘Ahmedabad’ is a symbol of slavery and it needs to be changed“. The present city was founded on 26 February 1411 and announced as the capital on 4 March 1411 by Ahmed Shah I of Gujarat Sultanate as a new capital. Unlike most other areas of India, British rule meant no major upsetting of the community's traditional social system, although the traditional peasant landowning class, the Banias and Patidars, were absorbed into the Jain business community. [14], During Mughal rule, with the rise of Surat as a rival commercial center, Ahmedabad lost some of its lustre, but it remained the chief city of Gujarat. The people, leaving the suburbs, fled within the walls. Maganbhai Karamchand, a Jain businessman, and Harkor Shethani, a Jain widow. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Gaekwad sent an envoy to the Peshwa in Pune to negotiate a dispute regarding revenue collection. Otherwise too, prohibition existed only in name. The present city was founded on 26 February 1411 and announced as the capital on 4 March 1411 by Ahmed Shah I of Gujarat Sultanateas a new capital. On 1 May 1960, Ahmedabad became a state capital as a result of the bifurcation of the state of Bombay into two states of Maharashtra and Gujarat following Mahagujarat Movement. Do you know? There is also an interesting story behind its foundation. The next sultan, his grandson Ahmad Shah I defeated a Bhil or Koli chief of Ashaval, and founded the new city. Message after message sent to Jawan as he moved about the country, failed to reach him. During the following years the improvement continued. CG Road. Do you know? Next year (1715) in the city the riots were renewed, shops were plundered and much mischief done, and outside (1716), the Kolis and Kathis grew so bold and presumptuous as to put a stop to trade. Dadhana. These entrances to the city has a unique name and history. The estimated population of Ahmedabad in 2016 is over 7 million people in the city and approximately 8 … His wife Nur Jahan governed the city during this period. For his services in stopping the pillage of the city Khushalchand, an ancestor of the present Lalbhai family of Ahmedabad, Nagarsheth or chief of the merchants, was raised to that honour. In the eleventh century, Karna of Chaulukya dynasty ruling from Anhilwad Patan (1072–1094) made the town his capital, adorned it with two temples, one to Kochrab, the site still known, and the other to Jayanti Devi, and named it Karnavati (Karna's town) or Shrinagar (prosperous city) and Rajnagar (king's town). In 1753, the armies of the Maratha generals Raghunath Rao and Damaji Gaekwad captured the city and ended Mughal rule in Ahmedabad. He started the salt satyagraha in 1930. Its governor Syed Murtaza, Shaikh Farid-i-Bukhari who ruled from 1606 to 1609 founded a new ward Bukhari Mohalla and built Wajihuddin's Tomb. The construction of Ahmedabad Metro began in 2015 and the operation began in March 2019. Hyderabad, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Greater Mumbai, Pune, Chennai and Kolkata. Instead of just a few merchants introducing new industrial machinery, as elsewhere in India, in Ahmedabad the mercantile class as a whole supported the new techniques, even though hand spinners and handloom weavers, as well as female spinners in the outlying communities had their traditional operations upset as a result. Meanwhile, the cunning and greed of the Marathas caused unceasing trouble and disorder. At this time (1798–1800) Aba Salukar, tho Peshwa's Governor, indebted and oppressive, ill-used the people, and embezzled the Gaekwad's revenues. [1], Ahmed Shah I, while camping on the banks of the Sabarmati river, saw a hare chasing a dog. When the Sultanate was weakened by the sacking of Delhi by Timur in 1398, and Zafar Khan took the opportunity to establish himself as sultan of an independent Gujarat. Ahmedabad is also the cultural and economical centre of Gujarat and the seventh largest city of India. Dhedhasana. During this time the only disorder was in 1644 a riot between Hindus and Muslims in which under Aurangzeb's orders the temple of Chintamani Parswanath near Saraspur was mutilated. Under the rule of sultanate (1411–1511) the city prospered followed by decline (1511–1572) when the capital was transferred to Champaner. During his reign, Gujarat was under pressure from the expanding Mughal Empire under emperors Babur (died 1530) and Humayun (1530–1540), and from the Portuguese, who were establishing fortified settlements on the Gujarat coast to expand their power in India from their base in Goa. The city served as political as well as economical capital of the region since its establishment. Akbar sent Mirza Khan, one of his chief nobles, leading the Mughal army against Ahmedabad. Couple , Family , Friends. Next year (1753) when Jawan was in Palanpur collecting revenue, the Peshwa and Gaekwad with from 30,000 to 40,000 horse, suddenly appearing in Gujarat, pressed north to Ahmedabad. He was murdered, and the Peshwa's minister Trimbak Dengle was suspected of the crime. Ahmedabad, the largest city of Gujarat boasts of growing economy. Ahmedabad grew rapidly, becoming an important center of trade and textile manufacturing. It was first named as Ashaval and later changed to ‘Karnavati’. Cities, Towns, Suburbs, Localities & Places Close to Ahmedabad After independence, the city was a part of Bombay state. Reduced to wretchedness many merchants, traders, and artisans left the city and wandered into foreign parts. The BCCI is looking to add add a maximum of two new franchises to IPL. The construction of Jama Masjid, Ahmedabad completed in 1423. Ahmadabad is at the junction of the main roads leading to Mumbai and central India, the Kathiawar Peninsula, and the Rajasthan border. The American Civil War (1863–1865) helped the economy of the city. Lying on the banks of the historic river Sabarmati, its the seventh largest metropolitan area and the fifth largest city in India. In the 11th century around 1150 King Karnadev made the city his capital and named it Karnavati. Ahmedabad is the largest city in the Indian state of Gujarat.It was formerly the capital of Gujarat and is still the judicial capital since the Gujarat High Court is located there. To know more about the origin & history of Ahmedabad, read on… Origin of Name Vibrant Gujarat 2019: Everything you need to know about it, Mittal Patel: The Messiah for Nomadic and Denotified Tribes, Best Places for Pre-Wedding Photoshoot in Ahmedabad, Sambar Cafe – a place to relish authentic South Indian food, Meet the Top Bridal Makeup Artists in Ahmedabad, 9 Best Places for Vegan Food in Ahmedabad, Kankaria Carnival 2019: A New Year Festival, Top Garba and Dandiya songs with Lyrics for Navratri 2020, Compiled List of Micro Containment Zones in Ahmedabad, A Home Away From Home: List of Quarantine Service Provider in Ahmedabad. A search over Gujarat yielded two, the saint was the third, and the king the fourth. The gunpowder exploded burning five shops and killing eighty-eight people. And a name change made no difference to crumbling Bombay, Gurgaon, Calcutta. covid-19 ahmedabad city As per COVID-19 Bulletin updated on 04/01/2021 at 11:00 AM 54173 Hamid won over the Marathas to his side, defeated and killed Rustam, and seized and pillaged Ahmedabad. He declared himself independent in 1407 and founded the Gujarat Sultanate.[2]. No religious touches. In November 1572, after receiving the submission of its nobles, he made Gujarat a province of his empire, and appointed a governor. The Maratha share was the south of the city including the command of the Khan Jahan, Jamalpur, Band or closed, also called Mahudha, Astodiya, and Raipur gates. Unlike other Indian cities, Ahmedabad lacked a comprador class or dominant, Western-educated middle class. Ahmedabad's gold, silk, and carved-wood work again (1855) became famous, and its merchants and brokers enjoyed a name for liberality, wealth and enlightenment. There are also people who consider that the name should be changed to Ashaval instead of Karnavati considering it was the first name of the city. As a school in Ahmedabad, I am delighted to open the website of the District Education Officer, Ahmedabad City for the education world. In the 11th century around 1150 King Karnadev made the city his capital and named it Karnavati. One of the largest Levi’s shops in Ahmedabad … Then the Viceroy Mubariz-ul-Mulk came and took Ahmedabad (1725). In 1664, the revenue concessions were offered to Europeans and Tavernier came to the city. Ahmad Shah I laid the foundation of the city on 26 February 1411[3] (at 1.20 pm, Thursday, the second day of Dhu al-Qi'dah, Hijri year 813[4]) at Manek Burj. Rustam Khan, Shujat's brother, came against Hamid. The suburbs, deserted at the approach of the Marathas, were never re-peopled. The 2008 Ahmedabad bombings, a series of seventeen bomb blasts, killed and injured several people. Pretty much the area surrounding these gates have adopted the name of the gate as the name of the locality. There was very little English higher education available in the city and no English-language newspapers there in the 19th century. Under the nagarsheth, the city remained free from interference from the state or other powers. Under the command of Balaji Vishwanath, the Marathas won over Mughal army in the Panch Mahals, plundered as far as Vatva within five miles of the city, and were only bought off by the payment of £21,000 (Rs. According to data, put up by the AMC on its Twitter handle on Friday, there were 405 AMC quota beds and 241 private quota beds available at Covid-designated hospitals in Ahmedabad city… The leader of the community, who came from the Jain business elites, was known as the nagarsheth, who would resolve disputes between mahajans and individuals and who interceded with royal officials. Many suburbs of the city were deserted and many mansions lay in ruins. 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