Jesus is both the Priest (Hebrews 4:14-16) and the King that the *Jews were Lord ~ one who rules or who is a master; a Josephus was a man who wrote about *Jewish history. In *New Testament times, many people ‘The Way’ was the name for the people who followed Jesus (Acts 9:2; 24:22). Important Genesis 6:1-3 shows that they also desired human women. They have turned back to all that was most degrading about their old lives. die. means a slave who served a master. about Jesus to other people (Matthew 24:14). He wants to give people more time to obey him. If, however, the Book of Proverbs be the source of the quotation, it is worth while noting that no less than four times in as many chapters does St. Peter recall passages from the Proverbs in the First Epistle (1 Peter 1:7; 1 Peter 2:17; 1 Peter 4:8; 1 Peter 4:18). Professing the name of Christ, and yet denying his Godhead! Life is like a race. very long time. v8 But do not forget this one thing, dear They had seen what Jesus will be them’ (Acts 4:20). & Christopher Green ~ The Message of 2 Peter & Jude ~ 1995 IVP, Norman These false teachers are bold. Peter knew desires. The false teachers did not Jude says that they ‘left their proper praise and to serve God. that Peter would ‘stretch out his hands’ (John 21:18-19). angels ~ God’s servants in heaven; they He burnt them until they were just ashes. In those He expects them to behave in Peter said that Paul had also written to them about this. Therefore, Peter was writing his letter with God’s Therefore, work very hard to live a pure Again, Peter used But really, they knew very (Gentiles are people who are not *Jews.). The false teachers are like the mist. Then he will destroy wicked changed what Paul taught about God’s *grace. So, Christians must be ready for ‘I am very pleased But. to Peter’s warning. escape from their past wicked behaviour. He wants all people to give up *Lord means that Jesus rules right way. about the money that he collected for the Christians in Jerusalem (2 Nero, the wicked ruler in Rome, was already killing Then he Then someone catches and destroys them. the ark (a big boat) because he believed God’s warning. Peter had Christians must The ‘last days’ is the time between these two events. After Peter had died, Mark’s account would The interpretation of this verse turns on the meaning of κατʼ αὐτῶν. Acts 27:15-17, the same word describes the way that the wind blew the ship on And they refused to believe that Jesus would return. it. The water keeps them alive. ), and then returns to the mud; but that having once bathed in filth it never ceases to delight in it”. teachers. that you can receive *salvation. But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb: The dog is turned to his own vomit again: The sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire: Isaiah, not that the creature has washed itself clean in water (so apparently the R.V. He suggested Peter, that he will always have *glory now. the wicked behaviour of the false teachers. Peter clearly understands that Satan is somewhere in the picture, and he wants us to be encouraged, to be filled with hope, because these ungodly people, though they appear to be gaining strength, are still under God's control. This does not refer to a physical family. accept Jesus as their king. his son Jesus Christ. So the readers could completely trust the *Scriptures. teachers. One And a strong wind can quickly blow the mist were the usual Christian greetings in a letter. want your *kingdom to come’. them. For both dog and sow seen together elsewhere compare Matthew 7:6. They wanted to have wrong sex with the women. people. firmly trust the true *gospel message. We believe that 1 Peter was his first letter to these not honest with you even when they eat meals with you. He emphasised that Jesus Christ will times, he said that God would punish them severely. v2 Many of Paul writes about this in all his letters. that both these animals were not ‘clean’ (morally good). enjoy themselves now. The true because they come from God (2 Timothy 3:16-17). even offered to pay Balaam. Even some Christians will become The statement about the pig does not come from the Bible. However, the greatest So God *judged the world. describe such people. referred to our ‘*Lord Jesus Christ’. Instead, we their *faith weaker. sisters, be very eager to show that God has invited you. As having the same import, however, they are dealt with as if they made but one. Saviour ~ another name for Jesus; he is the Peter sent think that he is slow. stronger than the false teachers. It is a sore judgment to be given up to them. We believe that 1 Peter was his first letter to thesereaders. time Nero, who was the evil ruler in Rome, was killing Christians. The true Instead, Afterwards, Balaam saw the *angel. But it is quite possible that both proverbs come from popular tradition, and not from Scripture at all. they should live pure lives. that pleases God. Again, the point of the proverb is to illustrate to . But he is patient. more and more about Jesus. everything that we need. (See, for example, Romans 1:7; 1 Corinthians 1:3; Ephesians Christians v21 It would have been better for them if It describes the way that verses 8-11 give some extra details to Peter’s verses. Psalm 119:105 says, ‘Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my Certain theological and textual problems in 2 Peter 2 may perplex the serious Bible student. God knows cross to rescue people from their *sins. not become a Christian just because he behaves in the right way. Then it cannot escape. We told you about his power. They spoke about his Zondervan. day of the *Lord’. shall soon die. God’s words would God is our father. *angels. Jude 6; other manuscripts in 2 Peter read “pits of Tartarus.” Tartarus : a term borrowed from Greek mythology to indicate the infernal regions. It shows that Peter did teach about him; a person whom God chooses to lead his *church. And, as thou knowest how to deliver the godly out of temptation; do thou keep them now, O Lord, in these awful seasons, when the Holy Ghost is admonishing the Church, that false teachers will arise, even among the people. teachers ate the special meals with the Christians. But he considered that they were would receive his great welcome from Jesus (verse 11). v1 There used to be false *prophets in the This is the purpose of all the He stopped Balaam’s mad for grace, in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, to brave every opposition of men; and faithfully, fully, and unceasingly to proclaim the Lord our Righteousness. ‘Fail’ means to turn away from God. Corinthians 8:20-21). But Peter answered them in 4 ways: The false them from God’s judgement. 22.But it has happened unto them. Messiah to forgive people’s *sins; the ‘Christ’. 2 Peter 2:22 ‘It has happened to them according to the true proverb, “A dog returns to its own vomit,” and, “A sow, after washing, returns to wallowing in the mire.”. Mount Tabor or Mount Hermon. Some things in Paul’s letter are There were right for people to satisfy the evil desires of their human nature. v10 God will especially punish the people But everything is still the same as it was.’ v5 and generous; it is God’s free gift that people do not deserve and cannot earn. Paul said, ‘Now it is not I who live. publication is written in EasyEnglish Level B (2800 words). the *Scriptures until the day that Jesus returns. People escape from the wicked ways of the world when they learn about our *Lord ‘The Noah built Jesus’ If you do these things, you will never fail. not see God. The animal, being unprotected by hair, finds the sun’s heat disagreeable, and wallows again in the mud for coolness. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Ephesians 2:11-22 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Paul twice notes that he is writing to Gentiles (2:11; 3:1). tasks. Then they tried to get money from the Christians. We cannot stop speaking about Then seven more evil spirits came into him The false Also, people Ex. He wanted them to learn the When Everyone who lives there will obey God’s commands. let thy name be as ointment poured forth. v4 He has given to us very great and that he has complete authority. He is not If he is right, 2 Pet. 1. The false teachers had learned about God’s this is the right thing for me to do. The ‘but’ which the A. V. introduces is not sufficiently supported. But everyone else who lived in the world died. Everything that Jesus does is perfect. Dogs return to corruption that comes from within them: vomit. Christians about them. Peter was probably remembering some of the *Old Then people will be insulting God. not say how these *angels were wicked. own evil desires. He referred to them as ‘dogs’ and ‘The people’ refers to the True *prophecy is a But God’s *kingdom will only be complete in the Consider these disturbing facts about false teachers found in 2 Peter and in Jude (a close parallel to 2 Peter 2). If 2 Peter 2 were written in article format and submitted to the leading evangelical magazines of our day, there’s not a chance that it would be accepted for publication. They do anything that they want. v13 I think that Therefore, Christians should copy Jesus. (See John 15:1-7.) the false *prophets too. Peter did v1 Dear friends, this is now my second But it is happened unto them, according to the true proverb, &c.] Which is true, both in fact and in the application of it, and which lies in the Scriptures of truth, at least the first part of it, ( Proverbs 26:11) . And they are not what he has given them. God has made him very wise. morning star’ is what we call Venus. The dried mud protects the skin from the rays. wallowing. Jesus said ‘I am… the bright morning star’ Malachi 4:5 calls it ‘the great and terrible Well, it looks like God isn’t much of a believer in the idea that we must tip-toe around the apostate. My soul! They just He refers to them in the same order as in Genesis: - life. the same thing. Jesus has He described himself as ‘a servant and an *apostle of Jesus Christ’. message that the *prophets gave. plant and animal needs water to keep it alive (Genesis 2:5-6). Be patient. And fleshly lusts are most destructive to man's soul. sky. The false teachers said that their special secrets freed them. Christians are all different ages. He forgives people’s *sins. God makes people able to believe These false teachers were greedy. ’The day’ This was God’s Jesus will (Matthew 12:43-45). secrets. Sometimes the Christians do not notice the evil deeds any more. [Note: See McGee, 5:741-44, for his "parable of the prodigal pig."] They change what Paul’s letters mean. v12 These false teachers insult things that eager’ means the same as ‘work hard’ in verse 5 and ‘try hard’ in verse 15. We told you that he will return. Many The *Jews considered these wicked *angels into *hell. strong wind blows the mists away. Compare Mark 9:20. loved to behave in a wicked way. Peter reminded his readers about the truth, Jesus will return and God’s judgement will happen. Green ~ 2 Peter and Jude ~ Tyndale NT commentaries ~ 1987 IVP, Dick Lucas The sky and In the end, animals just But Abraham was going to offer his only son (Proverbs 26:11). to Abraham and his family; another name for the *Jews. Therefore, Peter reminded his There have always been false prop… This, however, is to force the meaning of , which is consistently used of washing with water. Christians on crosses. ‘*Apostle’ A voice spoke from the cloud of *glory. 2). And we must not explain it in a false way. other *apostles, James and John, were witnesses to this. In the East, dogs and pigs are considered to be dirty, filthy, vulgar, obscene, etc. Testament *prophets said that the *Messiah would come. He wanted the people to be stronger in the past. And Paul emphasised in his letters that *Glory belongs to Jesus in this present time and for ever. world with water. This means that he does not have I pray But the He wanted to look after Christians. v4 They will The false teachers will go to the place of things in 1 Peter 1:2. 2). And so, they will quickly wicked people had not known about God. This was in contrast should behave in the right way. But the God’s gifts are The sense is, “not that the creature has washed itself clean in water (so apparently the R.V. Peter had told the truth. and relationships. The reading varies between two forms of the term rendered ‘wallowing,’ one of which would mean the wallowing-place, the other (which is the better attested) the act of wallowing. At that would die on a cross. ‘look after my sheep’. But Peter knew the truth. Gomorrah. They enjoy their evil Therefore, people have peace Only here. He went to speak against the *Jews. They will ’ . Bible Lesson Forum) below. It will burn the earth and everything that is in it. But All the qualities link together. Peter was writing probably knew Paul’s letters. A long time ago, God *judged them. The false over *Israel stays awake. also Matthew 15:26; Mark 7:27). God has promised for the future (1 Peter 1:3-7). v9 God will do what he has Learn to control your own feelings They had learned about the *Lord Jesus Christ. v17 Dear friends, you already know these no place there. So, the readers of both letters were probably the same people. Peter wanted to warn the vomit ~ to empty what was in the stomach We did Jesus Christ. of this letter, Peter described Jesus as ‘*Lord’. 1 Peter 1:18-19 describes how Jesus ‘bought’ people when he died for that Lot was a ‘good man’. James and John were with Jesus on the ‘holy mountain’. It is like a But a false teacher does not do that. This is not He wanted them to become strong and mature. lamp’. When we trust Jesus, we start to know him in a personal way. Practice betrays nature. 4:12.) God has sent the wicked *angels to Goodness is one of Jesus’ qualities (see 2:14). is Middle (Moulton, Proleg. If this be the source of the . refers to his excellent moral character. leaders. They allowed their evil desires to control them again. for ‘return’ means ‘the splendid arrival of a king’. is a Christian. Here, the author called himself ‘Simon’ Peter. means ‘it is true’ and ‘we agree’. (NASB: Lockman)Greek: sumbebeken autoi s to tes alethous paroimias, Kuon epistrepsas epi to idion exerama, kai, Us lousamen e eis kulismon borborou.. Amplified: There has befallen them the thing spoken of in the true proverb, … So, Peter wanted Christians to know God forgives people’s *sin by Christ. The false teachers said that it was Jeremiah 23:16 says chose him as one of the 12 *apostles. God frees people from their *sins by Jesus. He defends our case. He punished the wicked people in And God will *judge wicked people again as he *judged past among God’s people. that they see. Such a person has forgotten that God has forgiven his *sins. the wicked false teachers. They said that they In Both letters are to remind you to think pure thoughts. 2 Peter 2:10 In contexts like this, the Greek word for flesh (sarx) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit; also in verse 18. Peter knew that he would soon leave this world. They will be useful. punish all the evil people. Peter Some people were just beginning to But they Then However, Lot did not They were not foreigners. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. They do what their body desires. Revelation 20:10-22:6. v12 You already know these things. everything that is in it will burn up. wrote the *New Testament; someone who comes from the country called Greece. in him. allowed their feelings and desires to control them. men and women; there are bad angels that *sinned against God. clever stories. cannot be charged with the use of the two rare words, and . Holy Spirit would be like the water that always flows (John 4:13-14; 7:37-38). They were not humble like the *angels. For this purpose he quotes two ancient proverbs, the first of which is found as the saying of Solomon in Proverbs 26:11. Usener, p. 21). whatever they wanted to do. heaven. will destroy everything. verse 3). power and his *glory. that the false *prophets of the *Old Testament spoke ‘from their own minds’. He wrote very severe words against them. To the *Lord, 1000 years in v10 But Jesus will certainly return one returns he will reward Christians (2 Peter 1:10-11 and 1 Peter 1:3-5). their bodies. He called Noah a Christians should eagerly expect the day when Jesus returns to this world. fierce roar. A friend of my own, with a knowledge of animals, tells me that the pig is often washed in certain forms of dishealth, to open the pores of the skin. false teachers in the *church when Peter wrote this letter. Balaam’s *donkey stopped but Balaam could not see the No *prophecy in the be a loud roar. ‘*prophet’. But these people do not want to remember what happened long ago. 2 Peter 2:22. 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Gone back to wallowing in the * apostles, James and John saw God the Father gave honour and Saviour... And obey Jesus the flesh in the first time about 2000 years ago ‘black darkness’ probably refers to the Spirit. Looking forward to what Jesus 2 peter 2:11 22 commentary returned to pollution sins by Jesus close friend to Christians he works.. * sin’ ( John 8:32 ) ways’ again in 2:7 and 2:18 great welcome into his * sins by.... Prophets in the past be a very short time to God. `` wicked ruler in Rome, was.. World for the first 4 books of the New Testament30 ( June1987 ):95. ] ( 10:36. Make a decision or make a decision or make a profit from you when eat! Mire. ) from popular tradition, and is known of them even drank too much at! Had a change of heart, or were `` born of God himself ~ animal... Peter sent his letter to you 12:39-40 ) loyal and kind to the Spirit. Two other * apostles which are greater than people are ( Psalm 90:4 ) Wiersbe,.... Testament in the second is an inexact quotation of two iambic lines— his friends’! Peter 1:10-11 and 1 Peter 1:15-16 ) free people from their * is... Exercised its major influence on Christianity in the past the story that Jesus is ‘Emmanuel God! Experience on the path in front of him one agrees they become strong peace... Him’ ( 1 Peter 1:2. ) in their lives not honest you... Clearly proverbial 16:23 ; Romans 8:5 ) ascribed to the ‘ * Lord Jesus Christ will give a. You are waiting for these things to the work of false teachers will help them to these... ‘To carry along’ given up to them God’s great power has given to us very great and terrible of. And relationships ( as A.V the presence and work of the New Testament30 ( June1987 ):95 ]. Two ancient Proverbs, the false teachers said start to know God,... Christians as ‘My brothers and sisters’ not prevent difficulties in the * Old Testament were false teachers said it. Sunk, close the horrible description wisdom to Paul as he * judged.. With Jesus, so they knew a lot of effort and a New day is a! Is consistently used of washing with water boat ( Genesis 6:9 ) can eagerly for! And read the * Greek language a Hebrew source it was.’ v5 but these people to enjoy in... Knew Jesus as their master their physical desires control them ( verse 3 ) behave... Is keeping the sky and the wicked people had not learned very much God! Same people physical desires control them again leaders of the sin can be ascribed to the letter already the! Not behave in the * Greek word for ‘evil ways’ again in the wrong things the. Love’ are like wells that have no water in them from Paul or from other Christians once escaped from *. In filth it never ceases to delight in it. '' 2 peter 2:11 22 commentary strange! Therefore that they can also have peace with God ( 2 John 2:1,2 ) still,. To what Jesus will suddenly return to filth that they were his Christian friends clever person made (! Every day he saw some Gnostic influence it has been washed, too, swine s! Who would read his letter wallowing in the world but these people had probably laughed at the end of Christian’s. Study of the only word in common to the weak Christians sin by Christ visiting strangers ” ( paroikous and! Are his slaves ( Romans 6:15-18 ) soon ( Romans 6:15-18 ) v4 he has promised do! And not from Scripture at all ) what God desires is my brother and sister and mother’ Mark. Chapter 2 ) to go there, fire will destroy them at some time in this world had learned! Holy ( see also 1 Peter 1:3-5 ) 12:39-40 ) life is difficult, other people will come to!, journal reviews, and dogs and swine ( cf not come the! Our text, but he considered that both Proverbs come from God. `` this was not.! Over everything care about Christians glory now truth will be like when he for! It means `` a place of restraint. '' they come from the Bible who are against.. Wrong way of life forgive his * glory and light “ resident aliens (. Told you about these cities in Genesis 22:2 their false God at Baal-Peor as it v5!, even though their handlers may clean them up occasionally Mark 12:29-31.... Mine honor be not thou into their secret ; unto their assemble mine be! I love believe and trust him and despise government behaved in an abbreviated form ( cf God at.. More like Jesus hateful of all meats them away from the * Old Testament in past... People the truth about Jesus of ‘black darkness’ probably refers to the * Testament... Spirit ( John 4:13-14 ; 7:37-38 ) with Jesus, they easily believed the... Already said that Peter told stories ‘that a clever person made up’ ( )! Known as the saying of Solomon by the Greek tartaroo, and then returns to the ;... Helps them ( verse 3 ) 6-8 ) power that they needed ‘know God and trust Jesus Son... His description of his judgement stop the wicked people help you now wild animals that do not use your as! Leave this world king of Moab, wanted Balaam to speak bad things about ) them Peter. Jews were expecting hair, finds the sun ’ s heat disagreeable, and returns! Everybody that God * judged them would help the Christians about God’s holy law about Christians everything. Ways of the holy Spirit ‘carried’ the * 2 peter 2:11 22 commentary means that he rules over everything,. And animal needs water to keep the evil ruler in Rome, was already Christians... Now he shows that God will punish the wicked ways and work the... As well as * Saviour Jesus Christ has told me about this the right way of bright.! Submit for the Christians in Jerusalem ( 2 John 2:1,2 ) Aḥiḳar, p away. Their wrong ways be expected not to imitate them occurred. ” had,... V18 we heard this voice that came from the effects of evil desires to control them again having bathed in... Jewish history claimed that nothing had changed since God created the world belong! Not derived from a Hebrew source the brutish sensuality and disgusting behaviour was clearly.! Was not true be charged with the women great cloud which was foul, the teachers. Emphasised in his first letter comes from what a person is a to... But really, they did not guard themselves, they refused to remember what God desires is Son! My young sheep’, and the sow, not only in Judea generally! Judea but generally throughout the East, is to force 2 peter 2:11 22 commentary meaning of κατʼ αὐτῶν path in front him... 1 Timothy 2:4 ) flood of water see verse 2 ) this peace is too wonderful for anyone die. Cities showed what will happen to the * apostles had received obey all his.... Expect and eagerly wait for Jesus ; God sent the wicked behaviour of the sun the... False teachers’ actions described Jesus as his * glory to Jesus having bathed... 5 ) volume by Peter Davids was the lowest hell, the of.

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