evil, and what was right and wrong; or the judiciary sentence of The account given here of ancient pagans would apply substantially still to the pagan world. People do not commit sin often alone. But (8) this knowledge can never be wholly extinguished in the breast of men. If this was the state of things in the ancient pagan world, the same may be expected to be the state of paganism still. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. As he sat, he heard children playing a game and they called out to each other these words: “Take up and read! This we have in part seen In addition we may adduce the testimony of two Roman writers respecting the state of things at Rome in the time of the apostle. Romans 1:18. that which God as Lawgiver and Judge has ordained; what He has determined, and demands, as right, ὅτι οἱ τὰ τοιαῦτα πράσσοντες, they are consenting with them that do them, τί προσῆκον ἦν ἑλέσθαι πράττειν κ, knowing the judgment of God, that they which practise such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also have pleasure in them that practise them, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. In this stricture, Dr. Macknight thinks “the apostle glances at the Greek legislators, priests, and philosophers, who, by their institutions, example, and presence, encouraged the people in the practice of many of the debaucheries here mentioned, especially in the celebration of the festivals of their gods.” Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary1:26-32 In the horrid depravity of the heathen, the truth of our Lord's words was shown: Light was come into the world, but men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil; for he that doeth evil hateth the light. (4) Pride of wisdom, as it is a convincing evidence of the want of it, so it makes the attainment of it impossible (Ro 1:22; and compare Mt 11:25; 1Co 3:18-20). The lust of sin increases daily; and shame is daily more and more extinguished. them; They are abundantly sustained by the pagan writers themselves. Either of the law of God, the law and light of nature, by which they might in some measure know the difference between good and evil, and what was right and wrong; or the judiciary sentence of God against sin: that they which commit such things are worthy of … This is an essential point. This is the climax of our apostle's charges against the heathen; and certainly, if the things are in themselves as black as possible, this settled and unblushing satisfaction at the practice of them, apart from all the blinding effects of present passion, must be regarded as the darkest feature of human depravity. all which greatly aggravated their wickedness, since they sinned The experiment whether man could save himself by his own works, had been fairly made. (7) To take pleasure in what is sinful and vicious for its own sake, and knowing it to be such, is the last and lowest stage of human recklessness (Ro 1:32). No, it is by the fallenness of mankind, the turning away from God. This was a grievous aggravation of the offence. The surprise of last week’s reading included the idea that our share in the glorious inheritance that lies ahead is to be had only along the way of the cross. Benson CommentaryRomans 1:32. Who, knowing the judgment — Δικαιωμα, the righteousness, or righteous judgment, or appointment; of God — And because God’s law is founded in righteousness, and is the rule thereof to us, the word is often used in Scripture to denote an ordinance, statute, or particular law, Numbers 27:11; Numbers 31:21; and in the plural, the appointments, or institutions of God moral, or ceremonial, Luke 1:6; Romans 2:26; Hebrews 9:1; even those which were purely ceremonial, Hebrews 9:10. “Two things never live up to their billing; the circus and sin.” “It does not matter how small the sins are, provided that their cumulative effect is to edge the man away from the Light and out into nothing. The means which they had of arriving at the knowledge of God were, their own reason, their conscience, and an observation of the effects of depravity.The judgment of God - The word "judgment" here denotes the declared sentiment of God that such things deserved death. 1 Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God — 2 the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures 3 regarding his Son, who as to his earthly life [] was a descendant of David, 4 and who through the Spirit of holiness was appointed the Son of God in power [] by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord. If God were to allow us to go our own way completely (which He sometimes does), we … The charges which the apostle makes here were evidently those which were well known. (p) Are companions and partakers with them in their wickedness, and beside that, commend those who do wrong. 6. It will be remembered that, in these charges, the apostle speaks of the most enlightened and refined nations of antiquity; and especially that he speaks of the Romans at the very height of their power, intelligence, and splendor. A monstrous contest of abandoned wickedness is carried on. This sinfulness and the wrath of God upon sinfulness is the reason why righteousness can only be There was need of some better religion than the pagan. (2) We must not magnify the supernatural revelation which God has been pleased to make of Himself, through Abraham's family to the human race, at the expense of that older, and, in itself, lustrous revelation which He has made to the whole family of man through the medium of their own nature and the creation around them. The belief in paganism was more firmly rooted in the provinces than in Italy, and was especially vigorous in Tarsus; which was counted among the three Kappa Kakista, most villainous K's of antiquity - Kappadokia, Kilikia, and Krete. They are abundantly sustained by the pagan writers themselves. So long as reason remains to them, there is still a small voice in the worst of men, protesting, in the name of the Power that implanted it, "that they which do such things are worthy of death" (Ro 1:32). It does not mean his inflictions, or his statutes or precepts; but it means that God thought or judged that they which did such things ought to die. And that it was true has already in part been seen. The apostle places this terrible truth in the forefront of his argument on justification by faith, that upon the basis of universal condemnation he might rear the edifice of a free, world-wide salvation; nor can the Gospel be scripturally preached or embraced, save as the good news of salvation to those that are all equally "lost." As the Gentiles did not like to keep God in their knowledge, they committed crimes wholly against reason and their own welfare. The Jews have a saying (p), "that no man is suspected of a thing but he has done it; and if he has not done the whole of it, he has done part of it, and if he has not done part of it, he has thought in his heart to do it, and if he has not thought in his heart to do it, , "he has seen others do it, and has rejoiced".''. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Livy says of the age of Augustus, in some respects the brightest period of the Roman history, "Rome has increased by her virtues until now, when we can neither bear our vices nor their remedy." And the effect of the Christian religion, so far as it has influence, is to call off people from such vices, and to make them holy and pure in their life. And may not a like distinction be observed between the two great divisions of Christendom, the Popish and the Protestant? 25 They exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served created things rather than the Creator—who is forever praised. See Farrar's "Life and Work of Paul," ii., 24-34. Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them. It shows that God is just and that we are totally depraved. After all that infidels and deists have said of the sufficiency of natural religion, yet here is the sad result. Romans 1:18-32 In this passage, Paul gives a brief but appalling overview of the effect of people turning their backs on the Creator God . They "join hand in hand," and become confederate in iniquity. And various other proper and important thoughts are suggested in this short introduction; particularly the prophecies concerning t… And it is so. As said, expository preaching is always a good thing. They are not in the bosom of the Christian church. Romans 1 is also important to us because ever since the inception of the theory of evolution, some theologians have applied this erroneous theory to religion, positing an upward rise of religion from very primitive and pagan origins But look at Romanism where it has unrestrained liberty to develop its true character, and see whether impurity does not there taint society to its core, pervading alike the highest and the lowest classes; and then look at Protestantism where it enjoys the same advantages, and see whether it be not marked by a comparatively high standard of social virtue. While God calls, he makes what he calls. 7. have a saying {p}. As the Judaizing teachers disputed his claim to the apostolical office, it is with great propriety that he asserts it in the very entrance of an epistle wherein their principles are entirely overthrown. Mankind has worshipped the creation more than the Creator, and thus, God gave mankind over to vile affections and to a mind devoid of true judgment—his own natural mind. The account in this chapter shows the propriety of missionary exertions. We must suffer together with Christ. at least of corporeal death: not only do the same, but have pleasure in those that do The Jews ROMANS 1:16-32. (18-23) Is He just or unjust? Seneca de Ira, ii. There was need of some better religion than the pagan. 18. But it does not mean here that these deserved capital punishment from the civil magistrate, but that they knew they were evil, and offensive to God, and deserving of punishment from his hand; see John 8:51; Romans 5:12-19. But he that has pleasure in those that do evil, loves wickedness for wickedness’ sake; and thereby he encourages them in sin, and heaps the guilt of others upon his own head. So public has abandoned wickedness become, and so openly does it flame up in the minds of all, that innocence is no longer seldom, but has wholly ceased to exist." It greatly heightens guilt when we excite others to do it, and seduce them from the ways of innocence. If such things exist in lands that have a revelation, what mush have been the state of those countries that had none of its restraints and influences? Vice no longer hides itself. Preface to his History. In the conclusion of this chapter we may make a few additional observations. You could make a real good moral argument on just the basis of Romans 1:28-32. All social sins are of this class; and most of those which the apostle mentioned were sins of this character.If this revolting and melancholy picture of the pagan world was a true representation, then it was clear that there was need of some other plan of religion. The charges which the apostle makes here were evidently those which were well known. After all that infidels and deists have said of the sufficiency of natural religion, yet here is the sad result. And may not a like distinction be observed between the two great divisions of Christendom, the Popish and the Protestant? Werner Bible Commentary "For freedom Christ has freed us" — Galatians 5:1 Home » Bible Commentaries » Comments on Romans Romans 1:1-32 Submitted by admin on Thu, 2009-02-12 18:20. Murder is no better than lies if lying does the trick.”—C. Alas! There never yet was a man, who had not reason to lament his strong corruptions, and his secret dislike to the will of God. Were worthy of death - The word "death" in the Scriptures is often used to denote punishment. If such things exist in lands that have a revelation, what mush have been the state of those countries that had none of its restraints and influences? To test this, we must not look to Popery, surrounded with, and more or less influenced by, the presence and power of Protestantism; nor to Protestantism under every sort of disadvantage, internal and external. Therefore this chapter is a call to self-examination, the end of which should be, a deep conviction of sin, and of the necessity of deliverance from a state of condemnation.Barnes' Notes on the BibleWho knowing - That the Gentiles had a moral sense, or were capable of knowing the will of God in this case, is clear from Romans 2:14-15. And that it was true has already in part been seen. Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible Romans 1:32 who, knowing the ordinance of God, that they that practise such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but … Verse 1 Paul began his letter in the usual way at that time. But this very fact shows the deep and dreadful depravity of human nature. A cursory reading of Romans might lead one to think that chapters 9-11 are a tangent or insertion unrelated to the rest of the letter.1 A more careful reading, however, leads to a different conclusion. ver. The account given here of ancient pagans would apply substantially still to the pagan world. As they were aware of this, it showed their guilt in still persevering in the face of his judgments, and his solemn purpose to inflict punishment.Were worthy of death - The word "death" in the Scriptures is often used to denote punishment. Preface to his History. Romans 1:18-32 – God’s Anger & the Reason for It - Enduring Word For, &c.— There is no other way of obtaining righteousness, life, and salvation. (3) Wilful resistance of light has a retributive tendency to blunt the moral perceptions and weaken the capacity to apprehend and approve of truth and goodness; and thus is the soul prepared to surrender itself, to an indefinite extent, to error and sin (Ro 1:21, &c.). now from this whole account we see the insufficiency of the light of nature to guide persons in the way of salvation; what need there was of a divine revelation; and how impossible it is that such men should ever be justified before God, by any works of seeming righteousness done by them; which the apostle had in view, in giving this account of the depraved nature and conduct of the Gentiles, and of those among them who professed to be, and were the wisest and most knowing of them. This is set last, as worst of all; it is the highest degree of wickedness: such come nearest the devil, who take pleasure in evil because it is evil. The writer’s name came first. The Jews have a saying (p), "that no man is suspected of a thing but he has done it; and if he has not done the whole of it, he has done part of it, and if he has not done part of it, he has thought in his heart to do it, and if he has not thought in his heart to do it, , "he has seen others do it, and has rejoiced".'' To test this, we must not look to Popery, surrounded with, and more or less influenced by, the presence and power of Protestantism; nor to Protestantism under every sort of disadvantage, internal and external. (7) To take pleasure in what is sinful and vicious for its own sake, and knowing it to be such, is the last and lowest stage of human recklessness (Ro 1:32). Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 11:1-2 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 9-10. (p) T. Bab. (2) These things do not exist where religion exerts its influence. that they which commit such things are worthy of death—here used in its widest known sense, as the uttermost of divine vengeance against sin: see Ac 28:4. not only do the same—which they might do under the pressure of temptation and in the heat of passion. It disclosed another plan; and its effects were seen at once throughout the most abandoned states and cities of the ancient world.4. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Romans 1:18-32 - NIV: The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness, since what may be known about God is plain to them This shows what man can do, and these facts will demonstrate forever that there was need of some other religion than that furnished by the light of nature.6. … It does not mean his inflictions, or his statutes or precepts; but it means that God thought or judged that they which did such things ought to die. If this revolting and melancholy picture of the pagan world was a true representation, then it was clear that there was need of some other plan of religion. [ See verse text ] This verse is a profound declaration of truth, but it must be understood in the narrow context of this specific passage. Further, that the heathen knew that the persons guilty of the crimes mentioned here by the apostle merited death, is evident from the laws which they enacted for punishing such persons with death. More profound and laborious philosophers than had arisen, the pagan world could not hope to see; more refinement and civilization than then existed, the world could not expect to behold under paganism. And the effect of the Christian religion, so far as it has influence, is to call off people from such vices, and to make them holy and pure in their life. Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ-To this introduction the conclusion answers, Romans 15:15, etc. Without the latter, the former would have been impossible, and those who have not been favored with the former will be without excuse, if they are deaf to the voice and blind to the glory of the latter (Ro 1:19, 20). So long as reason remains to them, there is still a small voice in the worst of men, protesting, in the name of the Power that implanted it, "that they which do such things are worthy of death" (Ro 1:32). Let religion exert its full influence on any nominally Christian nation, and these things would cease. (2) We must not magnify the supernatural revelation which God has been pleased to make of Himself, through Abraham's family to the human race, at the expense of that older, and, in itself, lustrous revelation which He has made to the whole family of man through the medium of their own nature and the creation around them. Paul would have been familiar with the abominations of the pagan world from the beginning of his life. Salem Media Group. The truth was not to their taste. But. What does Romans 11:32 mean? a. The kingdoms of Israel and Judah furnish a striking illustration of the inseparable connection between religion and morals. The apostle had Greece and Egypt in his eye when he penned this description. The same things have been again and again witnessed in China, and Hindostan, and Africa, the Sandwich islands, and in aboriginal America. If it was right, and wise, and proper for them to go to other lands to proclaim "the unsearchable riches of Christ," then it is equally proper and wise to do it now. That this was the case with the pagan there can be no doubt. 3. It greatly heightens guilt when we excite others to do it, and seduce them from the ways of innocence. of Take up and read!”b. This shows what man can do, and these facts will demonstrate forever that there was need of some other religion than that furnished by the light of nature. In this passage, Paul describes the current generation—how men have rejected God's will and supplanted it with gross idolatry and how they have become lovers of themselves, exalting the creation and their desires above the Creator. Commentary on Romans 1:26-32. That this was the case with the pagan there can be no doubt. And we all know how soon a man will contrive, against the strongest evidence, to reason himself out of the belief of what he dislikes. In the summer of 386, a young man wept in the backyard of a friend. but have pleasure in them that do them—deliberately set their seal to such actions by encouraging and applauding the doing of them in others. But this very fact shows the deep and dreadful depravity of human nature. Romans 1:24-32 24 Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another. A writer would not advance charges in this manner unless he was confident that they were well-founded, and could not be denied.2. (o) By the judgment of God he means that which the philosophers called the law of nature, and the lawyers themselves termed the law of nations. The same things have been again and again witnessed in China, and Hindostan, and Africa, the Sandwich islands, and in aboriginal America. Vice no longer hides itself. This the Gentiles knew by the light of nature, and by the examples of God’s justice in the world. Paul then 2. Paul is not teaching that every single person, of all time, will receive God's mercy., of all time, will receive God's mercy. Moed Katon, fol. Either of the law of God, the law and light of nature, by which A man may be hurried by his passions to do the thing he generally hates. The account in this chapter shows the propriety of missionary exertions. Let religion exert its full influence on any nominally Christian nation, and these things would cease. Δικαίωμα , [ judgment .—Eng. So well known were they, that there was no need of proof. The nature of man, whether pagan or Christian, is still the same; and the charges of the apostle apply more or less to the state and character of men at all times, till they are brought to full submission to the faith of Christ, and renewed by Divine power. 19 They know the truth about God because he has made it obvious to them. (5) As idolatry, even in its most plausible forms, is the fruit of unworthy views of the Godhead, so its natural effect is to vitiate and debase still further the religious conceptions; nor is there any depth of degradation too low and too revolting for men's ideas of the Godhead to sink to, if only their natural temperament and the circumstances they are placed in be favorable to their unrestrained development (Ro 1:23, 25). now from this whole account we see the insufficiency of the light of nature to guide persons in the way of salvation; what need there was of a divine revelation; and how impossible it is that such men should ever be justified before God, by any works of seeming righteousness done by them; which the apostle had in view, in giving this account of the depraved nature and conduct of the Gentiles, and of those among them who professed to be, and were the wisest and most knowing of them. Shows the deep and dreadful depravity of human nature exist where religion its... 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