Some of the loudest voices of opposition to the existence of wolves in the Western United States come from local farmers who echo those who eliminated wolves from the region almost one hundred years ago, claiming that wolves threaten their livelihoods by preying upon their livestock. Habitat mapping, GPS collaring, fladry barriers, and support from organizations such as the Defenders of Wildlife can be used by farmers and wildlife officials to separate livestock from wolves without resorting to violence. (2006). By utilizing readily available resources like the Defenders of Wildlife, farmers can make better management decisions and protect their livelihoods without threatening the stability of a fragile ecosystem. Wolf hunting is detrimental to the environment that they were placed into, since the elk populations will not be effectively controlled in the absence of an active wolf population. Planning and implementing a reintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone National Park and central Idaho. While safety concerns are natural and to be expected, the reality is that wolf attacks on humans are extremely rare, and that visitors are informed and educated about how to decrease this probability even further. The eradication of wolves from the Yellowstone National Park in the U.S. has allowed the increase of deer and elk population in the past years. Audubon. (2013). Coyotes ran rampant, and the elk population exploded, overgrazing willows and aspens. National Geographic, 217(3). According to Yellowstone National Park (2013), when wolves live in areas with frequent encounters with humans, they learn to associate campsites, picnic areas, and other tourist-dense locations as sources of food, which may spark aggressive behavior. For centuries, the wolf has inspired long standing myths and legends across the world. The Oregon state professors looked at willows over a 13-year period along two forks of Blacktail Deer Creek, first in 2004 — nine years after wolves were reintroduced in the park — and again in 2017. Yellowstone's vanishing wolves The park radically changed after humans exterminated the gray wolf from Yellowstone in the mid-1920s due to … Fritts, S., Bangs, E., Fontaine, J., Johnson, M., Philips, M., Koch, E., & Gunson, J. Fritts, S., Bangs, E., Fontaine, J., Johnson, M., Philips, M., Koch, E., & Gunson, J. They are live with us. The loss of vegetation allowed the stream to widen. Once they were extirpated, the rest of the food chain below them collapsed. Whether it was the Gallatin River in Montana or the Virgin River in Utah, elk and deer reduced the willows to nubs. Overall, the reintroduction of wolves into Yellowstone National Park has had a variety of direct and indirect effects on the bison and grizzly bear populations. While it is understandable for farmers to go to any means necessary to defend their livelihoods, they are in fact battling an insubstantial threat that can be avoided with less violent, more environmentally beneficial methods than simply shooting wolves. (1997). Beschta realized the reason only partly had to do with the elk. The year is 1926. Preventative measures are both available and useful for keeping the newly introduced wolf population from interfering with the regional livestock population. With the return of wolves in places like Canada’s Banff National Park, Beschta said, similar vegetation recovery also appears to be happening there. Retrieved from http://www.nps.gov/yell/learn/nature/wolf-restoration.htm. The population of elk and deer rose so dramatically when wolves were extirpated from the region that the forests were stripped of their vegetation (“8 Big Pros”). In 2016, we published two journal articles on the ecological effects of wolf reintroduction into Yellowstone National Park. A., Kauffman, M. J., Middelton, A. D., Jimenez, M. D., McWhirter, D. E., Barber, J., Gerow, K. (2012). As apex predators, the wolves serve to keep the population of primary consumers at a controlled level. The public views these wolves in a negative light because farmers, the media, and other outlets often condemn wolves as an evil and unnecessary danger. After 70 years without wolves, the reintroduction caused unanticipated change in Yellowstone’s ecosystem and even its physical geography. Vegetation was returning to the banks and the streams were recovering. Studying the Yellowstone wolf. Retrieved from Web of Science. In the 70 years of the wolves’ absence, the entire Yellowstone ecosystem had fallen out of balance. 1 ), 1538-1547. doi: http: //connectusfund.org/8-big-pros-and-cons-of-wolf-reintroduction, Barton, 2005 ) for. 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