[22] In the 1760s, a bill issued by Clement XIII heavily restricted access to the library's holdings. De Vaticaanse Bibliotheek, de Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, is de nationale bibliotheek van de Heilige Stoel, het Vaticaan, gevestigd in Vaticaanstad. [8], Pope Julius II commissioned the expansion of the building. The Vatican Apostolic Archive was separated from the library at the beginning of the 17th century; it contains another 150,000 items. [23] Digital copies are being served using the CIFS protocol, from network-attached storage hardware by Dell EMC. Nel XVIII secolo sorsero le collezioni antiquarie e artistiche, cominciando con il medagliere (1738). Storage for the holdings will be on a three petabyte server provided by EMC. Pope Eugenius IV possessed 340 books by the time of his death.[5]. Diagrammatic sketch of a bookcase with reader's desk and seat — On the Vatican Library of Sixtus IV.png 1,320 × 1,356; 419 KB. [15] The first floor houses the restoration laboratory, and the photographic archives are on the second floor. Le sale che oggi ospitano i musei erano la sede, fino a papa Leone XIII, della Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana e delle sue varie collezioni. [19], In the Sala di Consultazione or main reference room of the Vatican Library looms a statue of St Thomas Aquinas (c. 1910), sculpted by Cesare Aureli. [19], While the Vatican Library has always included Bibles, canon law texts and theological works, it specialized in secular books from the beginning. [7] Around 1587, Pope Sixtus V commissioned the architect Domenico Fontana to construct a new building for the library, which is still used today. Only a handful of volumes survive from this period, though some are very significant. The Lateran era began when the library moved to the Lateran Palace and lasted until the end of the 13th century and the reign of Pope Boniface VIII, who died in 1303, by which time he possessed one of the most notable collections of illuminated manuscripts in Europe. [15], In the first semi-basement there is a papyrus room and a storage area for manuscripts. I volumi rimasero nel nuovo edificio fino al pontificato di Leone XIII (1878-1903). Nicolas wanted to create a "public library" for Rome that was meant to be seen as an institution for humanist scholarship. A fourth leaf from an unknown source was also discovered in his possession by U.S. Customs agents. The library was enriched by several bequests and acquisitions over the centuries. [45] The Library opened in 1953, and moved to the St. Louis University campus, in the Pius XII Memorial Library, in 1959. Fu l'umanista e bibliofilo Tomaso Parentucelli (papa dal 1447 al 1455 con il nome di Niccolò V) il primo a concepire l'idea di una biblioteca moderna, realizzando una consistente raccolta di antichi codici e liberalizzandone nel 1451 la consultazione a studiosi ed eruditi in una sala al pianterreno del Vaticano annessa al cosiddetto Cortile dei pappagalli. Books using gold and silver in the illuminations require special scanning equipment. [1] At the bottom of a grand staircase a large statue of Hippolytus decorates the La Galea entrance hall. Passata dai 350 codici della biblioteca avignonese ai 1200 registrati alla morte di Niccolò V, quella collezione costituì il primo nucleo della futura biblioteca. A Biblioteca Apostólica Vaticana (en latín: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana), máis comunmente coñecida como Biblioteca Vaticana ou simplemente como Vat, é a biblioteca da Santa Sé, situada na Cidade do Vaticano. [16], The Library closed for renovations on 17 July 2007[17] and reopened 20 September 2010. Lavorarono agli affreschi diversi pittori, tra cui Andrea Lilli, che realizzò qui un suo capolavoro[2], il Rogo dei libri di Ario, ma anche il Concilio costantinopolitano III e l'Allegoria della Poesia. Aside from that, the Palatine Library remains in the Vatican Library to this day. Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana bibliotheca in Civitate Vaticana est. [24], The collection also includes 330,000 Greek, Roman, and papal coins and medals. The Pre-Vatican period ranged from about 1370 to 1447. Coordinate: 41°54′17″N 12°27′16″E / 41.904722°N 12.454444°E41.904722; 12.454444. As of 2007[update], the Library has microfilmed versions of over 37,000 manuscripts, with material in Greek, Latin, Arabic, Hebrew and Ethiopic, as well as several more common Western European languages. URL consultato il 10-12-2019; Voce Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana di it.wiki: il materiale ivi presente è stato rielaborato in senso cattolico e … The first librarian was Charles J. Ermatinger, who served until 2000. Biblioteca Apostolică Vaticană (în latină: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, iar în mod curent, în limba română, Biblioteca Vaticană) este biblioteca de stat, publică, a Sfântului Scaun, în prezent situată în Vatican. Pope Nicholas V (1447–1455) envisioned a new Rome with extensive public works to lure pilgrims and scholars to the city to begin its transformation. Scholars have traditionally divided the history of the library into five periods, Pre-Lateran, Lateran, Avignon, Pre-Vatican and Vatican.[3]. Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana. Digita Vaticana: the digitization project of the Vatican manuscripts From 2013 until February 2019, Digita Vaticana was the non-profit organization established to raise funds to support the Digitization Project of the more than 80,000 manuscripts of the Apostolic Library. Biblioteca Apostólica Vaticana Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Biblioteca apostolica vaticana) nalazi se u Vatikanu.Formalno je osnovana 1475. godine, iako je zapravo mnogo starija, i može se smatrati jednom od najstarijih biblioteka u svetu.Sadrži jednu od najznačajnijih zbirki istorijskih tekstova. [4] The number of manuscripts is variously counted as 3,500 in 1475[4] or 2,527 in 1481, when librarian Bartolomeo Platina produced a signed listing. A School of library science is associated with the Vatican Library. La nuova Biblioteca raccolse i manoscritti, i codici, i fondi, le raccolte di Sisto IV e dei suoi predecessori: 2500 opere (divenute 3500 sei anni dopo), distribuite in quattro sale (la Bibliotheca Latina e la Bibliotheca Graeca per i testi nelle rispettive lingue, la Bibliotheca Secreta per quelli esclusi dalla consultazione e dal prestito esterno, la Bibliotheca Pontificia che fungeva da archivio) decorate con un ciclo di pitture realizzate da Melozzo da Forlì, Antoniazzo Romano e dai fratelli Domenico e David Ghirlandaio. Arabo 368, the sole manuscript of the, Codex Vaticano Rossi 215, fragments of the, Vaticanus Graecus 1001, the original manuscript of the, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 16:16. (it) Inventario dei manoscritti Cerulli etiopici, Cité du Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 2004. [7], In 1992 the library had almost 2 million catalogued items. It is located in the Pius XII Library on the campus of Saint Louis University. In 1661, the Greek scholar Leo Allatius was made librarian. These will be high-definition images available on the Library's Internet site. Vatikanbiblioteket (latin: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana) er Den hellige stols bibliotek, og ligger i Vatikanstaten.Det har en af de ældste og vigtigste bibliotekssamlinger af historiske tekster. La Biblioteca apostolica vaticana contiene oggi: Dal 1985 esiste un catalogo informatico consultabile in linea dei volumi a stampa moderni. De Bibbia Estense of Bibbia di Niccolò d'Este, (ca. [11], In 1809, Napoleon Bonaparte arrested Pope Pius VII and removed the contents of the library to Paris. Most famously Pico della Mirandola lost the right to use the library when he published a book on theology that the Papal curia did not approve of. If it had remained where it was in Stockholm, it would all have been lost in the destruction of the royal palace by fire in 1697. Este una dintre cele mai vechi biblioteci din lume si conține una dintre cele mai importante colecții de texte istorice. The Avignon period was during the Avignon Papacy, when seven successive popes resided in Avignon, France. La Biblioteca apostolica vaticana è la biblioteca che la Santa Sede ha organizzato e curato in Vaticano a partire dal Quattrocento; possiede una delle raccolte di testi antichi e di libri rari fra le più importanti al mondo risalenti al I secolo d.C. La documentazione storica attesta l'esistenza nel IV secolo di uno Scrinium, che doveva essere sia la biblioteca sia l'archivio della Chiesa latina, mentre un documento del 784 (sotto il pontificato di Adriano I) parla del bibliothecarius Teofilatto. Parte degli oggetti della Biblioteca sono esposti nei Musei della Biblioteca apostolica vaticana dei Musei vaticani. [6][7], In 1756, Abbot Piaggio conserver of ancient manuscripts in the Vatican Library used a machine he also invented,[10] to unroll the first Herculaneum papyri, which took him months. [35] NTT is donating the equipment and technicians, estimated to be worth 18 million Euros. [37] It is expected that the initial phase will take 4 years. In 1657, the manuscripts of the Dukes of Urbino were acquired. Among the most famous holdings of the library is the Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209, the oldest known nearly complete manuscript of the Bible. It is located in the Pius XII Library on the campus of Saint Louis University. [42] The Library was created by Lowrie J. Daly (1914–2000), with funding from the Knights of Columbus. Each bench was dedicated to a specific topic. The Pre-Lateran period, comprising the initial days of the library, dated from the earliest days of the Church. Il codice, il testo, le immagini", "FAMSI - Akademische Druck - u. Verlagsanstalt - Graz - Codex Vaticanus 3738". This period saw a great growth in book collection and record keeping by the popes in Avignon, between the death of Boniface and the 1370s when the Papacy returned to Rome. Schätze der abendländischen Buchkultur. [36] It noted that there is the possibility of subsequently digitizing another 79,000 of the Library's holdings. [25] This is not to be confused with the Vatican Film Library, which was established in 1953 at Saint Louis University in St. Louis, Missouri. The contents were returned in 1817, three years after the defeat of Napoleon. [14] When Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) commissioned the expansion and the new building of the Vatican Library, he had a three-story wing built right across Bramante's Cortile del Belvedere, thus bisecting it and changing Bramante's work significantly. Pope Nicholas also expanded his collection by employing Italian and Byzantine scholars to translate the Greek classics into Latin for his library. The Vatican Film Library in St. Louis, Missouri is the only collection, outside the Vatican itself, of microfilms of more than 37,000 works from the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, the Vatican Library in Europe. Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 1 gen 2021 alle 21:22. L'attuale prefetto della Biblioteca è monsignor Cesare Pasini. [3] Anteriormente se desempeñaba como secretaria de la misma institución. A token 39 of the Heidelberg manuscripts were sent to Paris in 1797 and were returned to Heidelberg at the Peace of Paris in 1815, and a gift from Pope Pius VII of 852 others was made in 1816 to the University of Heidelberg, including the Codex Manesse. ", "Tesoro letterario di Ercolano, ossia, La reale officina dei papiri ercolanesi", "Herculaneum Papyri in the National Library in Naples", "Teacher Tied to Stolen Manuscript Pages Faced Prior Ethics Questions, Colleagues Say", "U.S. Scholar Suspected in Theft of Manuscript Pages", "The Vatican Library CIO's sacred mission: To digitize everything", "Vatican library reopens after 3-year restoration", "Digitizing history: 82,000-manuscript collection Vatican Library goes online", "The Vatican Palace, as a Scientific Institute", "Vatican Library carries extensive collection of ancient Hindu scriptures", "Il manoscritto Vaticano arabo 368: Hadith Bayad wa Riyad. A second version of this statue (c. 1930) stands under the entrance portico of the Pontifical University of St Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum.[a][21]. [7], During the Counter-Reformation, access to the library's collections was limited following the introduction of the Index of banned books. La Bibliothèque apostolique vaticane ou BAV (en latin : Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana), appelée communément la Bibliothèque vaticane ou la Vaticane, située à Rome, est l'une des plus anciennes bibliothèques du monde. Subito dopo, il 18 giugno, ebbe inizio l'attività del suo primo gubernator et custos: il precettore umanista Bartolomeo Sacchi, detto il Plàtina dal suo paese natale Piadena, da cui dipendevano tre collaboratori e un legatore. Lat. [6][7] Nicholas combined some 350 Greek, Latin and Hebrew codices inherited from his predecessors with his own collection and extensive acquisitions, among them manuscripts from the imperial Library of Constantinople. In 1959, a Film Library was established. Sito ufficiale della Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana su vatlib.it. ed è anche la più grande sala affrescata esistente al mondo al di fuori delle chiese. As the collection grew to more than a few thousand, shelf lists were used. [1] Nicolas was important in saving many of the Greek works and writings during this time period that he had collected while traveling and acquired from others. The Vatican Library is open to anyone who can document their qualifications and research needs. [15], The Library has 42 kilometres (26 mi) of shelving. L'istituzione ufficiale della Biblioteca apostolica vaticana risale infatti a papa Sisto IV e alla bolla Ad decorem militantis Ecclesiae del 15 giugno 1475. L'accesso alla Biblioteca è consentito unicamente a docenti e ricercatori universitari. It represented, for all practical purposes, the entire royal library of Sweden at the time. Until the early 17th century, academics were also allowed to borrow books. [7] The library catalogue was further updated by Rev. [6], Every year about 6,000 new books are acquired.[6]. Melnikas was trying to sell the pages to an art dealer, who then alerted the librarian director. [7] After the reopening of the library in 1883, Pope Leo XIII changed the title to Prefect. Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (ital. 1434) in de Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, ms. Urb. [7] Individual library staff were called "Custodians". [48], This sculpture is described in the following words: "S. Tommaso seduto, nella sinistra tiene il libro della, Vatican Film Library informational pamphlet, Pope Sixtus IV Appoints Bartolomeo Platina Prefect of the Vatican Library, Fundamental Statute for the Secular Government of the States of the Church, History of the Catholic Church since 1962, Corps of Firefighters of the Vatican City State, Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, List of diplomatic missions of the Holy See, Section for Relations with States (Roman Curia), Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See, Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See, Coats of arms of the Holy See and Vatican City, Postage stamps and postal history of Vatican City, Santa Maria della Pietà in Camposanto dei Teutonici, Restoration of the Sistine Chapel frescoes. [6], (P) Indicates time spent as Pro-Librarian. In the 17th century, under the orders of Pope Paul V, the Secret Archives were separated from the Vatican Library, where scholars had some very limited access to them, and remained absolutely closed to outsiders until 1881, when Pope Leo XIII opened them to researchers, more than a thousand of whom now examine its documents each year. Vatican to digitize Apostolic Library of 1.6 million volumes for general perusal, History of the Vatican Library, from the Library's site, Toward On-line, worldwide access to Vatican Library materials (1996), The Secret History of Art by Noah Charney on the Vatican Library and Procopius, Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, Fine Arts and Letters of the Virtuosi al Pantheon, Agency for the Evaluation and Promotion of Quality, Congregation for Indulgences and Sacred Relics, Secretariate of Briefs to Princes and of Latin Letters, Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church, Pontifical Council for Social Communications, Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People, Pastoral Assistance to Health Care Workers, Santi Martino e Sebastiano degli Svizzeri, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vatican_Library&oldid=998486179, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2014, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Codex Vat. [16], The library was founded primarily as a manuscript library, a fact reflected in the comparatively high ratio of manuscripts to printed works in its collection. It provides free access to the Vatican Library's digitized collections of manuscripts and incunabula. A Biblioteca Apostólica Vaticana é a mais antiga biblioteca da Europa, mesmo não sendo a primeira biblioteca papal.Foi o primeiro núcleo de coleções pontifícias (religiosas), a Biblioteca do Vaticano é uma biblioteca de pesquisa para história, direito, filosofia, ciência e teologia. [38], DigiVatLib is the name of the Vatican Library's digital library service. La Sala Sistin-a dla Biblioteca vaticana La biblioteca apostòlica vatican-a as treuva ant la Sità dël Vatican . Restrictions were lifted during the course of the 17th century, and Pope Leo XIII formally reopened the library to scholars in 1883. 613, werd door hem begonnen maar niet afgewerkt. Interior da Biblioteca. Media in category "Collections of Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana" The following 27 files are in this category, out of 27 total. (la) Codices Comboniani Aethiopici (aussi en langue Guèze), Cité du Vatican, Bibliotheca Vaticana, 2000, 334 p. (ISBN 88-210-0706-5). [16], Gospel of Matthew in Persian, the first Persian manuscript to enter the Vatican Library, Manuscript page with the five-voice "Kyrie" of the Missa Virgo Parens Christi by Jacques Barbireau, Mappamondo Borgiano, also known as "Tavola di Velletri", consisting of two copper tablets (1430), Month of May from in the Chronography of 354 by the 4th century kalligrapher Filocalus, Anton Raphael Mengs, The Triumph of History over Time (Allegory of the Museum Clementinum), ceiling fresco in the Camera dei Papiri, Vatican Library, Illumination from the legend of Sain Emerich of Hungary's, c. 1335, Battle between David and Goliath, Book of Psalms, c. 1059, The ivory panels from the back cover of Codex Aureus of Lorsch, The Vatican Secret Archives, located in Vatican City, is the central archive for all of the acts promulgated by the Holy See, as well as the state papers, correspondence, papal account books,[40] and many other documents which the church has accumulated over the centuries. Ehrle also set up the first program to take photographs of important works or rare works. Le iscrizioni per l'anno accademico 2020-2021 si aprono il 15 febbraio 2020 e si chiudono il 15 maggio 2020termine ultimo entro il quale dovranno pervenire le domande (farà fede il timbro postale). Tra i pezzi più famosi della Biblioteca c'è il Codex Vaticanus, il più antico manoscritto completo della Bibbia che si conosca[3], la Bibbia Urbinate, il Trattato sulla falconeria, la Geografia di Tolomeo, l'Iliade bilingue con testo greco e traduzione latina del XV secolo, la Bibbia di Gutenberg, il Sidereus Nuncius di Galileo Galilei, la bolla papale Antiquorum habet fida relatio con il quale Papa Bonifacio VIII indisse il primo giubileo nel 1300 e la moneta d'oro posta da Carlo Magno sulla tomba di San Pietro nel 781. Ajude a inserir referências. Leonard E. Boyle when it was computerized in the early 1990s. Nel 1755 si aggiunsero tre raccolte di oggetti appartenenti all'antichità cristiana, in maggior parte provenienti dalle catacombe romane. Pontifical University of St Thomas Aquinas, Category:Manuscripts of the Vatican Library, Codex Vaticanus Ottobonianus Latinus 1829, Archive of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, "Founder of the Vatican Library: Nicholas V or Sixtus IV? However, in that year, the Lateran Palace was burnt and the collection plundered by Philip IV of France.[4]. Esta página cita fontes confiáveis, mas que não cobrem todo o conteúdo. The books were chained to these benches, and if a reader took out a book, the chain remained attached to it. The library was scattered during this time, with parts in Rome, Avignon and elsewhere. La Biblioteca si arricchì in seguito di molteplici collezioni bibliografiche. Girolamo Nanni è stato identificato come autore delle scene del Concilio Costantinopolitano II e del Concilio di Vienne. The Secret History of Procopius was discovered in the library and published in 1623. [41], The Vatican Film Library in St. Louis, Missouri is the only collection, outside the Vatican itself, of microfilms of more than 37,000 works from the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, the Vatican Library in Europe. Nel 2016 è stato avviato un progetto di catalogazione dei manoscritti di musica biazantina, in collaborazione con la Fondazione Laus Plena di Lugano. È in fase di realizzazione (dal 2010) anche la digitalizzazione dell'immenso patrimonio di manoscritti. Raffaella Vincenti es una bibliotecaria italiana.El papa Francisco la nombró directora de la Biblioteca Apostólica Vaticana desde junio de 2020, [1] [2] lo que la convierte en la primera mujer en ocupar el mayor cargo de esta biblioteca desde el siglo XV. [18] The three year, 9 million euro renovation involved the complete shut down of the library to install climate controlled rooms. Vatikanska biblioteka ili biblioteka Svete stolice (ital. In 1475 his successor Pope Sixtus IV founded the Palatine Library. In Francia, Giovanni XXII (1316-1334) avviò una nuova biblioteca, in parte confluita nel Seicento in quella della famiglia Borghese e ritornata con questa nel 1891 alla Santa Sede. The Vatican Library is a research library for history, law, philosophy, science and theology. [7][46][47], The library currently has 80 staff who work in five departments: manuscripts and archival collections, printed books/drawings, acquisitions/cataloguing, coin collections/museums and restoration/photography. After this it became known as the Vatican Library. [7], Historically, during the Renaissance era, most books were not shelved but stored in wooden benches, which had tables attached to them. [1], The Vatican Library can be accessed by 200 scholars at a time,[23] and it sees 4,000 to 5,000 scholars a year, mostly academics doing post-graduate research. It has 75,000 codices from throughout history,[2] as well as 1.1 million printed books, which include some 8,500 incunabula. Esta actividad formará parte de un legado cultural perdurable.NTT DATA ha aceptado participar en el proyecto de digitalización la Biblioteca Apostólica Vaticana, reconociendo que es un esfuerzo que puede ser considerado como una importante contribución a la humanidad. [6], In 1995 art history teacher Anthony Melnikas from Ohio State University stole three leaves from a medieval manuscript once owned by Francesco Petrarch. Notable manuscripts in the Library include: Lo Scrinium papale andò comunque disperso nel XIII secolo e le successive raccolte librarie, di cui esiste un inventario realizzato durante il papato di Bonifacio VIII (1294-1303), subirono gravi perdite dopo la sua morte in seguito ai continui spostamenti (a Perugia prima, poi ad Assisi e infine ad Avignone). Queen Christina of Sweden's important library (mostly amassed by her generals as booty from Habsburg Prague and German cities during the Thirty Years War) was bought by Pope Alexander VIII on her death in 1689. The oldest documents in the library date back to the first century. [4], nelle sue varie sezioni offre tesori ricchissimi di scienza e di arte agli studiosi che ricercano la verità (, Il testo del discorso (20 giugno 1975) è disponibile sul, Il progetto di catalogazione dei manoscritti della Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Les palimpsestes des fond grecs de la bibliothèque vaticaine: Une liste sommaire et quelques précisions, in Philomathestatos: studies in Greek and Byzantine texts presented to Jacques Noret for his sixty-fifth birthday, Le origini della Biblioteca Vaticana tra umanesimo e Rinascimento (1447-1534), Sisto IV nomina il Platina prefetto della Biblioteca vaticana, Musei della Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, Congregazione per il Culto Divino e la Disciplina dei Sacramenti, Pontificio consiglio per il dialogo interreligioso, Joaquín Anselmo María Albareda y Ramoneda, sito ufficiale della Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, Istituti di vita consacrata e società di vita apostolica, Supremo tribunale della Segnatura apostolica, Amministrazione del patrimonio della Sede Apostolica, Agenzia della Santa Sede per la valutazione e la promozione della qualità delle università e facoltà ecclesiastiche, Autorità di supervisione e informazione finanziaria, Ufficio delle celebrazioni liturgiche del sommo pontefice, Commissione disciplinare della Curia romana, Vicario generale per la Città del Vaticano, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Biblioteca_apostolica_vaticana&oldid=117678169, Voci con modulo citazione e parametro pagine, Voci non biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo, Cortile del Belvedere - 00120 Città del Vaticano, Cortile del Belvedere, V-00120 Città del Vaticano, 150.000 codici manoscritti e carte di archivio. 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