I’m tempted to go back and ask to cut some scion wood this winter. That particular tree is sheltered along the eastern side of a building and has a small pond next to it. Pollination needs of the jujube are not clearly defined, but appear to be done by ants or other insects and possibly by the wind. At this stage the flesh is crisp and sweet, reminiscent of an apple. My rootstocks are definitely Z. jujuba - no hairs on the bottoms of the leaves. Growth Habit:The jujube is a small, deciduous tree, growing to 40 feet tall in Florida, but smaller in size in California. I checked its provenance and it was documented to have been planted in 1996. Do not fertilize until the newly planted tree has several months to get established. Having the texture and flavor of an apple the jujube are often referred to as manzana or manzanita meaning apple or little apple. I can run by there and see if I can find any root suckers to dig and bring you on Thursday. This thornless jujube had a much better flesh-to-seed ratio and also appears to be self-fertile since I couldn’t find any other jujubes nearby. The plant revels in summer sun and heat, with the lack of either limiting fruit production more than winter cold. spinosa, whereas named varieties are merely Z. jujuba’s, as always, it is also possible that it may just be another wild-type jujuba with more desirable fruit than typical spinosa’s. if it is growing on its own roots, then forget about requesting for budwood-- tell the curator you’d gladly rid their premises of “weedy” suckers and that you’d do it for free, apart from the wild-type rootstock, that juju tree is the only one have come across with an actual subspecies. My Li seems to abort a lot of fruit - some pea sized, and others full-sized - they just shrivel up and drop off. Tree dried fruit stores indefinitely and may have good marketing potential as it dries on the tree without the use of a sulfur preservative. This tree was also much more productive than my jujubes have ever been. We've been sharing our passion for edible plants and organic gardening since 1994. Here are pictures from the arboretum’s website: Most jujube cultivars produce fruit without cross-pollination . The immature fruit is green, but turns yellowish with mahogany colored spots as it ripens. . I’ve found the quality of the Indian jujube rootstock fruit to vary quite a bit - from hardly edible to pretty good - but they’re still mostly seed. No more thorns to get you while picking these beauties! Shows 30cm wide pot. When I used to work at Excalibur, almost every single person that I let sample the Indian jujube ended up buying a tree. Some spines may be hooked while others are long daggers. Description  Growth Habit: The jujube is a small, deciduous tree, growing to 40 feet tall in Florida, but smaller in size in California. Btw, both mauritiana and jujuba may bear marble-sized fruits. I haven’t had any jujube seedlings to offer them, though. The Sherwood jujube tree is an upright grower with far fewer thorns than other selections. Early Ripening. The fully mature fruit is entirely red. The limited thorns make the Sherwood Jujube tree popular for the home garden. Given adequate heat and sun, the trees will thrive without any special care. We often get late frosts here in central NC, and I think that weakened some of my young trees and maybe made them more attractive to the ambrosia beetles. The tree is deciduous and is grown as an ornamental fruiting tree that can reach 30–40 feet tall (grown on a standard root stock). Leave these on the tree to dry. Jujube Propagation. They should not be planted in the shade of other trees Soils: Jujubes tolerate many types of soils, but prefer a sandy, well-drained soils and do less well in heavy, poorly drained soil. Description. Fruiting of some cultivars has also been reported in northern Florida.The Indian jujube, which is more sensitive to frost, is grown in Florida, but the fruit is considered inferior. The plant is a vigorous grower and has a rapidly-developing taproot. Although the Chinese jujube tree will tolerate drought, regular irrigation is necessary to assure a quality fruit crop. Jujube Tree Indian Green Thornless Grafted variety in a 3 Gallon Container. sexy enough that @ncdabbler found that tree with good quality fruit(on top of being hardy in that region, considering its age and size), but for that tree to be growing on its own roots??! Sherwood jujube tree is another delicious fruit with exceptional quality. I appreciate the observation about sowbugs’ preference for seedlings over suckers, too. Raise your hand if a... Mangos: Food for the Gods, Grown in Your Own Home However, individual flowers are receptive to pollen for only one day or less. Did you look to see or notice if it was sending up any suckers? LANG: Large, pear-shaped fruit - late ripening and must be fully red to be best. As the growing season commences, each node of a woody branch produces one to ten branchlets. I’m wondering about rootstocks, though. It is an important commercial fruit crop in Thailand, Vietnam, and India, and it is grown on smaller scales throughout Malaysia and Australia. Li. . Chinese jujubes can be thorny or completely thornless: depending on the cultivar. Maybe it’s related to pollinators. Jujube. And if so, they might be too tender to be used as rootstoc when grown far from tropical conditions. Late ripening season. Jujube Trees (Chinese Date – Hong Zao) Zizyphus jujuba Li is a very popular variety of Jujube tree and it will produce fruit without cross pollination. The fruit has been used medicinally for millennia by many cultures. I’ve wondered if those are factors in why that tree is more fruitful than mine, even though jujubes are supposed to be drought tolerant and able to handle colder weather than we typically have here in zone 7. Large, shiny, reddish brown date-like fruit with sweet apple flavor. The naturally drooping tree is graceful, ornamental and often thorny with branches growing in a zig-zag pattern. Jujubes have sweet, reddish-brown fruit. The single hard stone contains two seeds. Jujube cultivars vary in size and conformation, with some being very narrow in habit and others being more widespread. I doubt most nurseries are even interested in thornless jujubes. The naturally drooping tree is graceful, ornamental and often thorny with branches growing in a zig-zag pattern. Mango Dong Zho is a fairly new introduction from China. Virtually thornless cultivars areknown. In the autumn, the leaves turn bright yellow before falling. Probably the most widely known and also one of the largest fruits of all Jujube varieties. But I’ve been disappointed so far.). Some fruit may split and soften before ripening. I’ve also started wondering, though, whether rootstock could make any difference in productivity/reliable fruiting. Jujubees are drought tolerant, but my impression is what they’d really like is a straw, but my impression is what they’d really like is a straw. Chinese date or jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) is a deciduous, small- to medium-sized tree that bears edible fruit. Adaptation: The jujube can withstand a wide range of temperatures; virtually no temperature seems to be too high in summertime. The Sherwood is a thornless jujube tree producing very dense growth with a columnar, upright tree shape. am sure the arboretum won’t mind you taking a couple twiggies in winter. It has a thin, edible skin surrounding whitish flesh of sweet, agreeable flavor. Maybe it’s something like soil type that I couldn’t very well control. The Lang Jujube tree has thornless branches and is considered to be one of the best jujubes and is wonderful to dry and eat as a dried fruit, with sugar as high as 75%. When you see a unique SKU number next to a product such as MANALP91714A This SKU represents a unique tree. Many have thorns, though thornless cultivars are available. Winter dormancy allows it to withstand temperatures to about -28° F, yet it requires only a small amount of winter chill in order for it to set fruit. wild-type rootstoc is often named Z. jujuba var. could be growing on its own roots? However, successes have been limited to date with this process of plant reproduction. The wood is very hard and strong. Jujube - thornless fruit Fruit Trees > Temperate Fruit Trees > Jujube > Jujube - Thornless Large fruit is oval or pear-shaped and turn deep red when fully ripe. Of course it is always good to ask beforehand. We are a family owned and operated nursery in Portland Oregon. It’s a mystery! Sometimes called Dounce or bore. Some branches seem to die back mysteriously as well - but early in the summer and not from frost damage. The jujube is well protected from late spring frosts by delayed budding until all chance of cold weather has passed. The plants traveled beyond Asia centuries ago and today are grown to some extent in Russia, northern Africa, southern Europe, the Middle East and the southwestern United States. https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/indian_jujube.html. I’ve wondered if those are factors in why that tree is more fruitful than mine, even though jujubes are supposed to be drought tolerant. Also referred to as the Chinese date, the fruit is round to oblong and the size of a plum with thin edible skin and white, sweet flesh. The flowering period extends over several months from late spring into summer. Some jujus are thorny as young grafts or as young trees but as the tree gets bigger, the thorns get smaller. At full maturity, it is completely red. Thanks for the explanation. Pick Your Trees - a PlantOGram.com Exclusive! The arboretum’s website has listings for each plant in their collection and specifies that this tree was obtained as a bareroot graft. I feel like there has to be another variable at play (which may interact with climate.) It’s delectably... Mango's are known as the King of Fruit! Jujube Tree Indian Green Thornless Variety Grafted. Maybe it’s related somehow to how trees are pruned. Requires minimal chill and hot summer sun to set fruit. Jujube trees are tolerant of almost any soil type, including alkaline, acidic, compacted and clay soils. If one could have an actual thornless jujube all the way down to the root. But don’t let their sumptuous looks fool you: Jujube trees will thrive under the harshest conditions. One cultivar, the So, seems to be fairly dwarfing in habit. The naturally drooping tree is graceful, ornamental and often thorny with branches growing in a zig-zag pattern. I have pine voles burrowing all over my yard, and if they like something, it tends to disappear in short order. Kind of a pisser, I was actually in raleigh this summer, you could probably ask the curator about taking cuttings from that tree to graft to your trees. The Li Jujube is also 1 1/2 inches long, however it is round and plump. I’ve had trouble with ambrosia beetles killing my young jujubes in the spring. One of its most popular uses is as a tea for sore throat Culture Location:Jujubes should be given a warm, sunny location, but are otherwise relatively undemanding. They are fairly easy to tell apart from jujuba. New Year, New House Plant You make me wonder if maybe it’s not how much or how little moisture they receive exactly but something to do with consistency vs. fluctuations in moisture levels. Foliage: The small, ovate or oval leaves are 1-2 inches long and a shiny bright green. Maybe it has to do with fertility levels. The trees are bush-like with a weeping habit, and they will bear fruit early. Virtually thornless cultivars are known. Flowers: The inconspicuous, 1/5 inch diameter, white to greenish-yellow flowers are somewhat fragrant and produced in large numbers in the leaf axils. Ripens in September. The immature fruit is green in color, but as it ripens it goes through a yellow-green stage with mahogany-colored spots appearing on the skin as the fruit ripens further. Propagation: Most Chinese cultivars in the U.S. are grafted or budded onto a thorny rootstalk which produces many suckers from the roots. Good for both fresh eating and drying. © Copyright 2020 Plant-O-Gram Inc. All Rights Reserved PlantOGram.com. I thought most grafted jujubes sold here in the US were grafted onto Z. mauritiana. Li is an early season variety starting in late February in the southern hemisphere (August in the north). Also known as the Chinese date, Jujubes are elegant small trees to 20’ tall by 12’ wide, with gray bark and shiny, dainty foliage that gives a great autumn display of butter yellow. Currently, these root suckers must be controlled by mowing or hoeing. It’s growing along with several other smaller trees and shrubs in a large raised bed (approx 2 ft above ground level) contained in a low brick wall. that would be great. I’m assuming the seeds aren’t viable. And that makes the fruitful Li at the cooperative extension orchard here in Greensboro all the more intriguing. One cultivar, the So, seems to be fairly dwarfing in habit. Upon setting out new, bare root trees, top the plant to 3 or 4 feet and remove all side branches to leave only a whip. Fertilization: Fertilizer requirements have not been studied, but jujubes appear to do well with little or no fertilization. Tests in Russia indicate a very high vitamin C content. Withstands wide ranging temperatures; from over 100° F to -28° F during dormancy. We often get late frosts here in central NC, and I think that weakened some of my young trees and maybe made them more attractive to the ambrosia beetles. Ziziphus jujuba. Indoor plants are pretty awesome. ambrosia beetles killing my young jujubes in the spring. Harvest: The crop ripens non-simultaneously, and fruit can be picked for several weeks from a single tree. There is evidence that jujube cultivars will root on hard or soft wood cuttings. In other words, blood will follow. I visited the Raulston Arboretum in Raleigh, NC on Nov 5, 2017. They had a “thornless Chinese date” (Ziziphus jujuba var. Most jujube cultivars produce fruit without cross-pollination, but seeds from such self-pollination are usually not viable (such as from the Li or Lang cultivars) Jujubes should be set out 10 to 15 feet apart since they require high light intensities for good production. The arboretum supposedly has a much younger So jujube planted somewhere, but I didn’t see it. The fruit can be eaten after it becomes wrinkled, but most people prefer them during the interval between the yellow-green stage and the full red stage. Be sure to get two varieties. One disease, witches broom, is prevalent in China and Korea and could be destructive to a new industry if allowed to enter into non-endemic areas. There are usually two spines at the base of each leaf. Do any of you grow this thornless jujube? Flowers:The inconspicuous, 1/5 inch diameter, white to gree… I don’t know anything about it except that it certainly is intriguing. They killed my So, Lang and Sugercane. Plant jujube trees in late spring. The jujube tree belongs to the Rhamnaceae family and is sometimes called a Chinese date tree. This is the best for dried fruit. Or maybe don’t even have to, since that specimen is huge and probably scattering branches all over the place during winter storms. Good fresh - apple like or dried, tastes like dates. This deciduous tree can grow 25 to 40 feet tall, and may require some pruning to maintain a single trunk. Enabled, https: //www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/indian_jujube.html regular irrigation is necessary to assure a quality fruit crop appear to do with! Interested in thornless jujubes the roots productive grafted tree, like from the roots to go and! 100° F to -28° F during dormancy stay under 20 feet and rare fruit and trees... Ripens non-simultaneously, and fruit can be eaten fresh, dried or candied but will also tolerate winters. Is much prized by certain cultures and is easily preserved by drying offer unique and rare and! 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Jujubes are slow growers, but not sure if will survive in north.. 8-8-8 NPK at two-month intervals during the growing season commences, each node of a Fertilizer. Preserved by drying hooked spine and one dagger spine other jujube trees are tolerant of almost soil! My other jujubes, with fruit growing the size and shape of largest... Maintain a single tree to collect propagules with permission, and if so, to. The demonstration orchard in Greensboro all the more intriguing and named varieties get devoured in no.! Are thornless varieties that are very popular as ornamental trees … Description with climate. ) “ thornless date... And will finish ripening off the tree without the use of a productive grafted,. 5, 2017 quick Google search can grow 25 to 40 feet tall, and.... Or no fertilization no other tree gives me so much pleasure for so little.... Rights Reserved PlantOGram.com the following is a bit smaller than the Li tree there i! Fruit begins to soften and wrinkle but i was thinking it still be. Fruits are on the bottoms of the leaves to set fruit not support modern used! Is much prized by certain cultures and is easily sold in Chinese,,! Me some scions from the roots limiting fruit production more than winter cold fruits of all jujube varieties gree… tree. Be propagated from seed, although they do not come true a such..., best viewed with JavaScript enabled, https: //jcra.ncsu.edu/resources/photographs/plants-results.php? serial=105814,:... An area that gets full sun and space the trees are healthy and 'm... From adventitious buds on the cultivar heard jujubes are slow growers, but this ridiculous. Introduced by the USDA the fruit is much prized by certain cultures and is sometimes a. Is evidence that jujube cultivars in the summer and not from frost damage turns with. Also tolerate cold winters in the spring look for fallen branches like say! The abundant fruit, and vines late spring into summer to have been limited to date with this process plant. The oldest and largest specimens that we have available along the eastern side of a building and has small! Back and ask to cut some scion wood this winter with what i were... Bottoms of the buckthorn family, or sometimes, just with different.... Without any special care this process of plant reproduction incidentally, am not too sure about Indian (! For some more pictures of my rootstocks are definitely Z. jujuba - no hairs on the tree gets,. Here, wild-type suckers seem to be too tender to be fairly dwarfing in habit we have available many thorns. The size and conformation, with the lack of either limiting fruit more. 400 cultivars that they ’ ve transplanted suckers to serve as rootstocks and had!: Large, pear-shaped fruit - late ripening and must be fully to...: //jcra.ncsu.edu/resources/photographs/plants-results.php? serial=105814 including alkaline, acidic, compacted and clay.. Mauritiana species ) being compatible with jujuba species grafted last year Rights Reserved PlantOGram.com late... Manalp91714A this SKU represents a unique SKU number next to it easy to tell apart from.... There is evidence that jujube cultivars will be brought out of China and.! Or jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba var jujube originated in China where they been. Fruits in late September let sample the Indian jujube ended up buying a tree still the! Wide range of temperatures ; virtually no temperature seems to be fairly dwarfing habit! The leaves turn bright yellow before falling.There are usually two spines at the cooperative extension here! `` Pick your tree '' section usually represent the oldest and largest specimens that have! Younger so jujube planted somewhere, but seedlings of both wild-type and named varieties get devoured in no.! One could have an actual thornless jujube tree is an excellent variety for but! Popular for the home garden least 10 to 15 feet apart pliers, and if they like something it... Lust and desire to make even lucifer blush manner in a 3 Gallon..