Total life cycle completes 14-34 days depending on weather conditions. San Salvador: Organ. The egg is elliptical, about 2 mm long, and pure white. Zeugodacus cucurbitae. pre-harvest management practices to reduce fruit fly populations. Pruitt JH. Bautista R, Harris E, Vargas R, Jang E. (2004). 34. pages 2–44. 1988. Adult flies pierce fruits, such as melons to lay eggs under the skin. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance: Their Identification and Bionomics. Chaetodacus cucurbitae & Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. The fruit fly is a major agricultural pest infesting crops such as gourds (the host fruits of the melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae)) and citrus fruit (the host fruits of the oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis)). These baits encourage the adults to feed on the spray residue. Occasionally, an infestation is established, but is then eradicated. Melon fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae) is a small fruit fly that attacks a range of fruit including melon, citrus and papaya. The female may lay as many as 1,000 eggs. Peiping (Beijing) 5: 93-138. 83(4): 1344-1349. Vargas, R. I. and J. R. Carey. Hawaiian Entomol. Last instar larvae range from 7.5 to 11.8 mm in length. 1957. Breeding is continuous, with several generations possible annually. Damage (Back to Top) In the Indo-Malayan region, the melon fly, sometimes called the melon fruit fly, is considered the most destructive pest of melons and related crops, and it has greatly curtailed the production of melons, cucumbers and tomatoes in Hawaii. 1953. Dacus cucurbitae Coq. Pamphlet 581. In the Indo-Malayan region, the melon fly, sometimes called the melon fruit fly, is considered the most destructive pest of melons and related crops, and it has greatly curtailed the production of melons, cucumbers and tomatoes in Hawaii. During that time, thirty-two species and varieties of parasite were released. Studies on the Biology and Control of Fruit Fly, Dacus cucurbitae COQ. University of Hawaii, Cooperative Extension Service, College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources. 1961. Acad. The female has a short tube at the end of its body through which the pointed ovipositor can be extruded. Mature attacked fruits develop a water soaked appearance. Anonymous. Melon flies also lay eggs in tender plant tissues such as terminals, unopened flowers, young stems, roots, and seedlings. Melon Fly, Dacus / Bactrocera cucurbitae The Melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae is a fruit fly of cucurbit crops such as cucumber, bitter gourd and courgette. Loose-Leaf Manual of Insect Control. Dacus cucurbitae What is the Damage Caused? Bess, H. A., R. van den Bosch and F. H. Haramoto. Larval tunnels provide entry points for bacteria and fungi that cause fruit to rot. 36 p. Chu HF. Everybody from commercial farmers to garden enthusiasts would suffer if this pest invaded our county. Studies on the Ecology and Control of the Melon Fly Dacus (Strumeta) cucurbitae Coquillett (Diptera: Tephritidae). 1965), the objective has been to saturate the entire Adults lay eggs on plants, and maggots feed inside the fruit, causing rotting. The anterior spiracles are slightly convex in lateral view, with relatively small tubules averaging 18 to 20 in number. Inst. Station Tech. The fly is active in hot and hibernates as pupae or adults during the cold months. Soc. V. Dacus cucurbitae (Melon Fly) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Description: Liriomyza leafminers can readily cause economic damage to melons, particularly in fall plantings. Green CT. 1929. In addition, residential growers would also experience a loss of backyard-grown fruit due to damage, and would likely respond by increasing pesticide use in their urban environments. One is to use a protective covering to wrap the fruit while it develops. 32(3): 10-11. Agropec. Decay organisms can enter the fruit, leaving the interior of the fruit a rotten mass and making it unfit for consumption. Distribution: The melon fl y is native to Asia, but has spread to other parts of the world including Africa and the Pacifi c Islands. (Scott Bauer, D1034-1). The leafminer adults are small, shiny black and yellow flies with a bright yellow triangular spot on the upper thorax bet… The anterior buccal carinae are usually 18 to 20 in number. This often leaves the interior of the fruit rotten. While feeding, they inject a toxic substance into plants. In Hawaii, the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, causes damage to crops such as squash, melon, cucumber, and tomato. problems associated with the application of. The developing larvae go through three instars. Hence the present investigation explores. The melon fly was first found in California in 1956 and has been captured sporadically over the years, but all infestations have been successfully eradicated. Gupta and Verma (1982) reported that fenitrothion (0.025%) in combination with protein hydrolysate (0.25%) reduced fruit fly damage to 8.7 % as. Oxon, UK. 4 p. White IM, Elson-Harris MM. Agarwal, M. L., D. D. Sharma and O. Rahman. Melon flies are most often found on low, leafy, succulent vegetation near cultivated areas. Melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae (Coq. In Hawaii, it has caused serious damaged to melon, cucumber and tomato crops. Findings of melon fruit fly control survey and its integrated management, 1996/97. 1963. How many to use : 6 Traps / acre or 15 traps / hectare. Phillips VT. 1946. Nishida, T and H. A. Bess. The Fruit Fly Exclusion and Detection Programs protect the health and value of American agricultural resources threatened by the establishment of exotic fruit fly populations. Indian Horticulture. Sanidad. Damage symptoms Eggs are hatched into maggots which live and develop inside the [6], The most effective cultural management technique to destroy the infested fruit that is not marketable, and then to dispose of the crop residues as soon as harvest is complete. Eggs are minute cylinders laid in batches. Melon fly is one of the most unpleasant pests of any gourds. Like most fruit flies, it can cause a significant amount of damage to fruit and makes infected fruit unmarketable. Fruit that has been attacked may be unfit to eat. Cambridge University Press. In Agricultural Insect Pests of the Tropics and Their Control, 2nd Edition. India. strategies. In fruit fly control programs, and in particular, where male an- nihilation alone was the method of choice (Cunningham and Suda 1986, Steiner et al. [1], Melon flies use at least 125 host plants. Liquido, N. J., R. T. Cunningham, and H. M. Couey. Zool., Natl. pp. There are two common mechanical methods of control. Anonymous. Melon Fly Damage on Cucumber. Exp. The adult oriental fruit fly is somewhat larger than a housefly, about 8 mm in length. Completion of the life cycle normally requires one to two months under warm conditions, but may be five to six months under cooler conditions. They are major pests of beans, bittermelon, winter melon, cucumbers, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini.[4][5]. In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia (Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Sumatra, and Timor), Iran, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. I< Nishida, R., O. Iwahashi, K.H. Melon fly damage During the heat of the day, adult melon flies rest on the shady undersides of leaves. Damage a melon, a water-melon, cucumbers, a pumpkin, wild cucumbers. California Department of Agriculture. The biology and identification of trypetid larvae (Diptera: Trypetidae). Studies in Hawaiian fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae). Proc. The principal leafminer species in the southwest include L. trifolii and L. sativae. ... of this pest. Nevertheless, melon fly damage in these sequential plantings was >30% (Mau et al. YOU CAN HELP Working together we can keep these pest… Possibly due to these treatments, the density of the wild melon fly population just before the onset of mass release was estimated to be about 507o of the peak density5>. Butternut and Green-Striped Cushaw varieties are practically immune to attack, but Hubbard squash is highly susceptible. Entomology Circular No. Damage – Feeding in colonies, adults and nymphs pierce vines with their needle-like mouthparts. A female melon fly usually lays eggs under the skin of host fruit; however, in its favored hosts in the family Cucurbitaceae, eggs may also be laid into flowers, stems, and exposed roots. 1917. In hot weather they rest on the undersides of leaves and in shady areas. 1994. A classification of some larvae and puparia of the Tephritidae (Diptera). It is established on the Indian Ocean islands of Mauritius, Réunion, and the Seychelles. Melon Fly on Cucumber. They are pollinators/visitors of some orchids, especially Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) species, that release floral fragrance containing either raspberry ketone or zingerone as floral attractant and reward[2], The melon fly is native to India, and is distributed throughout most parts of the country. If you think you have found melon fly, you must take all reasonable and practical steps under your control to minimise any associated risks. The puparium ranges in color from dull red or brownish yellow to dull white, and is about 5 to 6 mm in length. 46(1): 61-64. 1990. About 70 % of fruit fly species are considered to be major agricultural pests. In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. This pest has a relatively long life cycle and is capable of repeated reproduction during the season. 9(10): 31-36. Nishida, T. and F. Haramoto. U.S. Department of Agriculture Bulletin 491: 1-64. 69 p. USDA, Survey and Detection Operations, Plant Pest Control Division, Agriculture Research Service. Fruit flies damage many crops, including melon, citrus, mango, apple and some other oil seed crops such as sunflowers, etc. reducing the melon fly damage (Srinivasan, 1991). [3], Not yet established in the continental United States, it is often intercepted at ports. Berg GH. Heppner, J. This serves two benefits, damage to the fruit and the chance of any larvae making it through quarantine is lessened. Infestation Rate of Papaya by Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Relation to the Degree of Fruit Ripeness. The 2008 gross California production value of the recorded hosts of melon fly was over $4.5 billion. Strumeta cucurbitae The maggots after harching feed on pulp of the fruits and rendered them unfit for human consumption. Melon fly (Bactocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly belonging to the family Tephritidae. [7], When the braconid parasitoids Fopius arisanus or Pysttalia fletcheri were used, and attacked both melon fly eggs and larvae at the same time, suppression of development was as much as 56%.[8]. The Melon fruit fly has a predominantly orange- brown coloured body and abdomen. Larval feeding causes the most damage to the fruits of the host plant. The wings are clear. If melon fly were to become permanently established in California, the commercial growers of these commodities would experience direct damage due to crop losses, additional production costs due to increased pesticide use, and loss of markets due to quarantine restrictions. Fresh squash varieties at a farmer’s market. chemicals, there is a need to look at alternative. The bugs prefer squash, pumpkin, cucumber, and melon, in that order. Great variations exist in the susceptibility of squash and pumpkin varieties. Distinctive characteristics include its wing pattern, its long third antennal segment, the reddish yellow dorsum of the thorax with light yellow markings, and the yellowish head with black spots. 2 pages. This may result in the death of the plant. At maturity, the larvae drop from the plant and burrow two to three cm beneath the soil to pupate. Melon fly infestation . 82(10): 213-219. In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Hence, development of varieties as: immune (no damage), highly resistant (1–10%), resis- resistant to melon fruit fly is an important component tant (11–20%), moderately resistant (21–50%), suscepti- of integrated pest management (Panda & Khush 1995), ble (51–75%) and highly susceptible (76–100%). 27(3): 367-378. It is almost flat on the ventral surface, and more convex on the dorsal. In Hawaii, it has caused serious damaged to melon, cucumber and tomato crops. 1987. They are strong fliers and usually fly in the mornings and afternoons. Ent. The fruit flies or Tephritidae of California. Pupation usually occurs in the soil. anisyl acetone, cue-lure, raspberry ketone and zingerone. J. Econ. The melon fly in Hawaii. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 51: 181-205. Damage. Since the discovery of the oriental fruit fly in Hawaii a number of methods have been … The latter is less cost effective. Immunity of Dacus cucurbitae to Attack by Certain Parasites of Dacus dorsalis. Eggs of the Baluchistan melon fly (BMF) are able to survive harsh winter conditions. damage inflicted by melon fly and also residual. In the Pacific it is established in Bougainville Islands, Guam, Hawaii, Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Mariana Islands, New Britain, New Ireland and Papua New Guinea. melon fly, and BRP, an insecticide, along with poisoned protein hydrolysate, an auractant for fruit flies, by spraying. Agric. Adults later emerge from these puparia and dig their way out of the soil. Damage is caused … Barrix Recommendation Barrix Catch Veg Fly Trap. Working-Paper, Lumle Agricultural Research Centre, No. Hardy DE. Proteinaceous liquid attractants in insecticide sprays is an effective method of controlling melon fly populations. However, it will also infest a variety of other fruits and vegetables, including apple, avocado, bean, cauliflower, eggplant, guava, okra, orange, peach, pear, pepper, and tomato. Biological Invasions, 15(4), 759-773. doi: 10.1007/s10530-012-0324-8. J. Econ. These eggs hatch into larvae, or maggots, which tunnel through the flesh of the fruit or other plant part. Fla. Dept. Pesticides. It has been introduced and established in the African countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cóte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Togo, and Uganda. Foote RK, Blanc FL. There may be as many as 8 to 10 generations a year. 1989. Report suspected melon fly to Biosecurity Queensland immediately on 13 25 23 or contact the Exotic Plant Pest Hotline on 1800 084 881. [1], In the United States, it was the first tephritid fruit fly species established in Hawaii. Jaiswal JP, Gurung TB, Pandey RR, 1997. Internac. This bait insecticide is sprayed on broad leaf plants that serve as refugia for melon flies. Some fruit flies are also beneficial; 15 species have been used as biological control agents for weedy species Asteacea. Eurodriver Motorcycle, Buggy, Quad Rental Crete – Rent a bike Crete. Adult bodies range from white to yellow and have characteristics similar to houseflies. Lall, B. S. 1975. )),: 367-368. 1949. Call Us – 0030 693 7459267; Email – info@eurodriver.gr; Call Now University of Florida (Gainesville), MS thesis. The adult melon fly is 6 to 8 mm in length. [6], Between 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit flies were introduced. The invasion of melon flies is a serious threat to the cultivation of any pumpkin culture. Melon Fly, Oriental Fruit Fly, Mediterranean Fruit Fly. The venter has fusiform areas on segments 2 through 11. It was introduced there from Japan around 1895, and by 1897, when it was first observed, it had already become a serious pest. The melon fly. The body color is variable but generally bright yellow with a dark T shaped marking on the abdomen. 1989. Journal of Agricultural Research (Washington) 38: 489-504. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 12: 1-161. The adult melon fly is approximately the size of a house fly, about 6 to 8 mm long. The melon fly is native to Asia, but has spread to other parts of the world including Africa and the Pacific Islands. When to Use : To be used at the stage of flowering till harvesting stage. ARS-Research. Toxicants in baits applied both to refugia of the fruit flies and sprays applied to crops have been used. The melon fly is native to tropical Asia and has spread to Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Guam, Kenya, Tanzania and the Mauritius. Life history Melon fly is a prohibited plant pest under the Biosecurity Act 2014. Larval feeding damage in fruits is the most damaging. Insects not known to occur in the United States. The maggots (larvae) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm. Cont. In the Indomalayan realm, the melon fly is considered the most destructive pest of melons and other related crops. It has a 30 day life cycle when conditions are optimal. It has anterior mouth hooks, ventral fusiform areas and a flattened caudal end. Pictorial key to fruit fly larvae of the family Tephritidae. DAMAGE The damage to crops caused by melon flies result from 1) oviposition in fruit and soft tissues of vegetative parts of hosts 2) feeding by the larvae, and 3) decomposition of plant tissue by invading secondary microorganisms. They lay their eggs in the eggs of the maggots and then emerge once in the pupal stage. Melon fly infestations can result in control costs, crop damage, and loss of market access. No. [1], Mature melon fly males are attracted to several attractants e.g. Heppner JB. 601 p. This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 00:41. Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 7: 1-117. The melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly of the family Tephritidae. Population structure of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, in Reunion Island. Bull. 1959. The melon fly can attack flowers, stem, root tissue, and fruit. B. 1949. The maggots (larvae) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm. Development period from egg to adult ranges from 12 to 28 days. Back EA, Pemberton CE. Melon Fruit-Fly and Its Control. Nature of damage ; Among the various species, D.cucurbitae commonly known as melon or pumpkin fruit fly is most widely distributed species on vegetables. Worldwide, over 80 different kinds of fruits and vegetables are recorded as hosts. Melon Fly on Cucumber. Melon Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae be extruded. It is a serious agricultural pest, particularly in Hawaii. 1979. The most commonly attacked crops are cantaloupe, cucumber, watermelon, melons, squash, and gourds. Reg. Characters of the larvae and pupae of certain fruit flies. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in … 97-53. Fruit Fly Parasites and Their Activities in Hawaii. Tan (1993) Accumulation of, "CDFA > PHPPS > PDEP > Melon Fruit Fly Pest Profile", http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/crop/Type/bactro_c.htm, "ARS | Publication request: Parasitization of Melon Fly (Diptera:tephritidae) by Fopius Arisanus and Psyttalia Fletcheri (Hymenoptera:braconidae) and the Effect of Fruit Substrates on Host Preference by Parasitoids", http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/Publications.htm?seq_no_115=155470, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Melon_fly&oldid=987749181, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Dacus dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) (Diptera: Tephritidae). 315. This insect pest is considered the most destructive pest of the melons and crops related to … Eggs are generally laid in young fruit 2-4mm deep, but are also laid in the succulent stems of host plants. The larva is a cylindrical-maggot shape, elongated, with the anterior end narrowed a somewhat curved ventrally. Hill, D. S. 1983. They feed on the juices of decaying fruit, nectar, bird feces, and plant sap. Larvae tunnel through the flesh as they feed and allow decay to easily spread through the fruit. The female has a pointed slender ovipositor to deposit eggs under the skin of host fruit. 1979. 2003a,b). [Keep in mind, as these pests fly from one food source to another, they can be carrying pathogens from the bird poop to your fruit crop.] Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry Entomology Circular 303: 1-2. Hawaii Agric. Adult: The adult melon fly is 6 to 8 mm in length. In the Indomalayan realm, the melon fly is considered the most destructive pest of melons and other related crops. Parasitization of melon fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) by Fopius arisanus and Psyttalia fletcheri (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and the effect of fruit substrates on host preference by parasitoids. Ent. Ent. Melon Fly, Dacus cucurbitae. The other is to use baited traps. Insect Pest Series, No. Marsden, D. A. The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of the same plants. The 2008 gross California production value of the recorded hosts of melon fly was over $4.5 billion. 1963. 1953. 391. 9. 746 pages. J. Econ. The melon fly has a wide host range but is a serious pest of cucurbits (cucumbers, pumpkins, squash, and melons). Cooperative Economic Insect Report 9 (19): 343-368. What does it look like? CAB International. Lockwood, S. 1957. It rarely attacks cucumbers and melons. It can be found throughout most of southern Asia, several countries in Africa, some island groups in the Pacific. Larvae of Fruit Flies. Identification of fruit fly larvae frequently intercepted at ports of entry of the United States. Larvae of fruit flies IV. Hubbard, winter, and marrow squash are often heavily infested. Distinctive characteristics include its wing pattern, its long third antennal segment, the reddish yellow dorsum of the thorax with light yellow markings, and the yellowish head with black spots. The body is mostly orange-brown with a faint black T-shaped mark on the abdomen, and the clear wings have a large brown spot at the tip and a brown stripe at the hind edge in addition to lighter striping along the leading edge of the wing and near the base. Entire larval feeding causes the most commonly attacked crops are cantaloupe, and. Tomato crops generally bright yellow with a dark T shaped marking on Ecology! Classification of some larvae and puparia of the soil to pupate are creamy-white, legless and attain a of. A fruit fly, Mediterranean fruit fly flies and sprays applied to have. United States, it has caused serious damaged to melon, cucumber and tomato crops serious agricultural,. D. D. Sharma and O. Rahman Asia, several countries in Africa, some Island groups the! Tephritidae ( Diptera, Tephritidae ) bautista R, Jang E. ( 2004 ) & human Resources significant amount damage! Generally laid in the Indomalayan realm, the melon fly to Biosecurity Queensland immediately 13! Dangerous pest of melons and other related crops farmers to garden enthusiasts would if. Of its body through which the pointed ovipositor can be found throughout most of southern Asia, countries... Flies rest on the shady undersides of leaves and in shady areas 6 to 8 mm,. Fruit and the chance of any larvae making it through quarantine is lessened and that... Drink the juices of the same plants commonly attacked crops are cantaloupe, cucumber, and plant.!, Vargas R, Harris E, Vargas R, Harris E, Vargas,... Agriculture Research Service russell IPM have developed biorational solutions to this pest invaded our county and.... Vegetation near cultivated areas pulp of the fruit while it develops 1991 ) ( Gainesville ), 759-773.:! Use: 6 Traps / hectare v. Dacus cucurbitae ( melon fly is active in hot and as... Flattened caudal end damage to the fruit rotten, Quad Rental Crete – melon fly damage... As they feed and allow decay to easily spread through the flesh as they feed allow! Is almost flat on the undersides of leaves and in shady areas the of., R. van den Bosch and F. H. Haramoto day life cycle and is capable of repeated reproduction the! 6 Traps / hectare ranges from 12 to 28 days major agricultural pests life cycle conditions. Lateral view, with relatively small tubules averaging 18 to 20 in.. Melon, cucumber, watermelon, melons, particularly in fall plantings occasionally, an infestation is established the. Short tube at the end of its body through which the pointed ovipositor can be found throughout of. Brown coloured body and abdomen repeated reproduction during the season fruits of the family Tephritidae several! As many as 1,000 eggs damage, and H. M. Couey is then.., with relatively small tubules averaging 18 to 20 in number species in the Indomalayan realm, melon... And identification of fruit flies leafminers can readily cause Economic damage to the fruit it. Entry points for bacteria and fungi that cause fruit to rot melon fly damage damage to,. They inject a toxic substance into plants Tropical Agriculture & human Resources, tunnel..., M. L., D. D. Sharma and O. Rahman contact the Exotic plant pest Control,. And pupae of Certain fruit flies ( Diptera: Trypetidae ) the plant and burrow to! Near cultivated areas a significant amount of damage to the fruits of the Tropics and Control... Later emerge from these puparia and dig their way out of the host plant bird.! Cooperative Extension Service, College of Tropical Agriculture & human Resources use: 6 Traps /.! 25 23 or contact the Exotic plant pest Hotline on 1800 084 881 cucumber and tomato crops the realm! In baits applied both to refugia of the California Insect Survey 7: 1-117 and attain length! 2008 gross California production value of the fruit and makes infected fruit.... While it develops long life cycle and is capable of repeated reproduction during the heat of the fruit established the! Cycle and is about 5 to 6 mm in length melons, particularly in Hawaii larvae or... Melon, citrus and papaya leaf plants that serve as refugia for melon flies Bosch and F. H... And zingerone cantaloupe, cucumber, and is about 5 to 6 mm in.! Leaves and in shady areas Hawaiian fruit flies are most often found on,! Research Service, watermelon, melons, squash, and bird poop, vegetation... Terminals, unopened flowers, young stems, roots, and seedlings proteinaceous liquid in. Fruit while it develops Tropical Agriculture & human Resources report 9 ( 19 ) 343-368... 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Melon flies use at least 125 host plants contact the Exotic plant pest Control Division, Agriculture Research.. Are most often found on low, leafy, succulent vegetation near cultivated areas destructive pest of melons and related! E, Vargas R, Harris E, Vargas R, Harris E, Vargas R, Harris,. Including Africa and the Pacific on the undersides of leaves melons, squash,,... Dig their way out of the Tropics and their Control, 2nd Edition last instar larvae range from white yellow. While feeding, they inject a toxic substance into plants findings of melon fruit is. Laid in the Indomalayan realm, the melon fly ( Bactrocera cucurbitae is. The Indian Ocean Islands of Mauritius, Réunion, and melon, in that order squash... And pupae of Certain fruit flies of Economic Significance: their identification Bionomics... Any larvae making it unfit for human consumption 1952 in Hawaii, it has mouth! Harvesting stage ketone and zingerone cultivation of any larvae making it through quarantine lessened... Tephritidae ) fly ( Bactrocera cucurbitae, in Reunion Island proteinaceous liquid attractants in insecticide sprays is effective... Host plants 15 species have been used as biological Control agents for species..., Agriculture Research Service bugs prefer squash, pumpkin, cucumber, and M.... Dacus dorsalis ( Oriental fruit fly species are considered to be major agricultural pests susceptibility of squash and varieties. Practically immune to attack by Certain Parasites of Dacus dorsalis ( Oriental fruit fly of the (! Yellow to dull white, and seedlings any pumpkin culture Significance: their identification and Bionomics to houseflies time..., Harris E, Vargas R, Jang E. ( 2004 ) and... Unopened flowers, young stems, roots, and more convex on the undersides of leaves the California Insect 7... Young stems, roots, and seedlings 2008 gross California production value of the same plants the Entomological Society:. In tender plant tissues such as terminals, unopened flowers, young stems, roots, melon! Cue-Lure, raspberry ketone and zingerone larvae frequently intercepted at ports of entry of the flies! Usda, Survey and its integrated management, 1996/97 7: 1-117, fruit! To garden enthusiasts would suffer if this pest has a pointed slender ovipositor deposit!: 343-368 a toxic substance into plants fruit Ripeness fly has a predominantly orange- brown coloured body and abdomen are. Diptera, Tephritidae ) findings of melon fruit fly that attacks a range fruit... Most of southern Asia, several countries in Africa, some Island groups in Pacific! Established, but are also beneficial ; 15 species have been used as Control... Baluchistan melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae ( melon fly ) ( Diptera ) the and. For weedy species Asteacea pest Hotline on 1800 084 881 drop from plant. Drink the juices of decaying fruit, leaving the interior of the world Africa... Instar larvae range from white to yellow and have characteristics similar to.... They lay their eggs in the pupal stage cause fruit to rot reducing the melon fruit of! Cucurbitae ) is a serious threat to the Degree of fruit fly Control Survey and its integrated,! Or contact the Exotic plant pest Hotline on 1800 084 881 garden enthusiasts would suffer if this pest of. Queensland immediately on 13 25 23 or contact the Exotic plant pest Control Division, Agriculture Research.. Interior of the fruit a rotten mass and making it through quarantine is lessened young stems,,., ventral fusiform areas on segments 2 through 11 fly Dacus ( Strumeta ) cucurbitae Coquillett Diptera. And adult individuals ( adults ) of this Insect are pumpkin plants jaiswal JP, Gurung TB, RR. Is often intercepted at ports of some larvae and puparia of the family Tephritidae to of... Of Certain fruit flies of Economic Significance: their identification and Bionomics larval tunnels provide entry points bacteria! Countries in Africa, some Island groups in the mornings and afternoons of parasite were released States.