According to this article, the estimated number of deaths among Thai nationals has been reduced from about 2,500 to about 1,800, and the estimated number of deaths among foreigners has been reduced from 2,500 to 1,300. An hour later, on the opposite side of the Indian Ocean, the waves struck the southeastern coast of India near the city of Chennai, pushing debris-choked water kilometers inland and killing more than 10,000 people, mostly women and children, since many of the men were out fishing. Feb 12, 2015 - To give an accurate representation of what happened. “In earthquakes, a certain number of people die but many more are injured. The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an earthquake that is thought to have had the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs. A 2004 tsunami took some 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. The sea around these islands when the tsunami struck was reported to have strong currents and divers underwater felt as though they were in a washing machine. [1] The epicenter of the 9.0 magnitude quake was located in the Indian Ocean near the west coast of Sumatra. Billions of people were waking up, making coffee, or in other parts of the globe preparing for a good night’s sleep. Infrastructure in general was, predictably, severely damaged, though much has been gleaned from surveying the aftermath. The story of a tourist family in Thailand caught in the destruction and chaotic aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Rather than delivering one violent jolt, the quake lasted an unrelenting 10 minutes, releasing as much pent-up power as several thousand atomic bombs. Thousands of Thais dependent on tourism-related industries lost their jobs, not just in the south but also in the poorest part of Thailand, Isan in the north-east, where many workers in the tourism industry come from. The city of Banda Aceh on the northern tip of Sumatra was closest to the powerful earthquake’s epicenter and the first waves arrived in just 20 minutes. The destruction of many second-rate structures along the beaches provided opportunities to rebuild popular tourist areas such as Patong Beach at Phuket in a more aesthetically and environmentally suitable way. 2004 Khao Lak Tsunami. Tsunami is an ever-present and … The Director-General of the World Health Organization, Dr Lee Jong-Wook, went on Thai television to say that he was eating fish every day. These included six male Indian elephants which had previously been used in making the movie Alexander. “It’s a wave, but from the observer’s standpoint, you wouldn’t recognize it as a wave,” Titov says. What has saved her, she tells Tim Adams , … The sectors most badly damaged were tourism and fishing. These days, Thailand is better prepared for tsunamis as they are 2 hours away from being hit again if there is a new tsunami. image caption Survivors walk through the debris on Phuket's Patong beach the day after the tsunami Shortly before 08:00 on 26 December 2004, a magnitude-9.1 … The quake originated in a so-called megathrust fault, where heavy oceanic plates subduct beneath lighter continental plates. As proof of the record-breaking strength of the tsunami, the last victims of the Boxing Day disaster perished nearly eight hours later when swelling seas and rogue waves caught swimmers by surprise in South Africa, 5,000 miles from the quake’s epicenter. While the destruction in Thailand… The economic impact of the tsunami on Thailand was considerable, though not as great as in poorer countries such as Indonesia or Sri Lanka. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to … That’s 300 miles (480 km) per hour, leaving more than 1.7 million homeless affecting 18 countries. Directed by J.A. At 7:59 AM, a 9.1-magnitude earthquake—one of the largest ever recorded—ripped through an undersea fault in the Indian Ocean, propelling a massive column of water toward unsuspecting shores. Live TV On the left side of this map is the Andaman Sea which first receded and then roared back as a massive tsunami on December, 26, 2004, causing extensive damage and deaths along the entire west coast. It was triggered by a magnitude 9.1-9.3 earthquake along the Indian-Australian subduction zone off the northern coast of Sumatra. The beach resorts along the Andaman Sea coast were extensively damaged. A further problem was the public aversion in Thailand to eating locally caught fish, for fear that the fish have fed on human dead bodies which were swept out to sea by the tsunami[citation needed]. The "total deaths" and "total injured" categories include dead and injured persons whose nationality is not given or has not been established. Some 250 people were reported dead, including tourists. The effect was like dropping the world’s largest pebble in the Indian Ocean with ripples the size of mountains extending out in all directions. The first location where the tsunami was noticed was on the Similan Islands, a famous diving site located about 70 km from Phang Nga town in Pha Nga province or 13 km from central Khao Lak. The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. Once caught in the raging waters, if the currents don’t pull you under, the debris will finish the job. The tsunami struck the west coast of Phuket island, flooding and causing damage to almost all the major beaches such as Patong, Karon, Kamala, and Kata beach. Phuket is an island in southwest Thailand. With waves traveling 500 mph across the Indian Ocean, the tsunami hit the coastal provinces of Phang Nga and Phuket an hour and a half later. The confidence of European tourists in travelling to places such as Phuket also took some time to recover, which is one reason why Thailand strongly backed the installed tsunami warning system. PHOTO: Phuket just moments after the Indian Ocean Tsunami hit the holiday island on December 26, 2004 – Associated Press/Stephen Trupp Fifteen years after the Indian Ocean tsunami killed upwards of 230,000 people on December 26, 2004, a container at the Takua Pa police station in Phang Nga, southern Thailand, still contains personal items from the hundreds of victims whose … more Watch the tremendous tsunami of 2004 approach the coast of Thailand. The total numbers of people killed during that tsunami were nearly 230,000. RECOVERY PROCESS IN THAILAND AFTER THE 2004 INDIAN OCEAN TSUNAMI group made a detailed survey on tsunami behavior (Matsutomi et al., 2004; Satake et al., 2005 and Tsuji et al., 2006). The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (also known as the Boxing Day Tsunami and, by the scientific community, the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake ) occurred at 07:58:53 in local time (UTC+7) on 26 December, with an epicentre off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The tsunami also moved east across the Indian Ocean. “It’s more like the ocean turns into a white water river and floods everything in its path.”. The follow-on tsunami killed about 280,000 people and remains one of the largest humanitarian disasters in recent history. The huge quake triggered a massive tsunami across the Indian Ocean which would kill more than 230,000 people across 14 countries and become one of the world's deadliest and most destructive natural disasters. “[The Indian Ocean tsunami] came ashore in these places that had no natural warning either, because they were far enough away that they didn’t feel any of the earthquake,” says Borrero. Relatives of people killed in the 2004 tsunami embrace at a commemoration ceremony on Dec 26, 2014 in Phangnga’s Takua Pa district to mark the 10th anniversary of the deadly disaster. Many Thai-owned hotels and other small businesses were ruined, and the Thai government provided large amounts of capital to enable the recovery of the private sector. In the long run the tsunami disaster brought considerable benefits to Thailand, especially the southern tourist areas. Map of Phuket Island Tsunami Region in Thailand. Within 100 seconds, an enormous rupture in the earth crust appeared 30 km below the seabed. Borrero remembers coming upon a colossal freighter loaded with bags of cement that had been flipped on its back with its propeller in the air. There was no warning of the first wave so people had no idea it was coming. And high-density polyethylene piping was found to perform exceptionally well: as roads crumbled, the subterranean flexible pipelines formed new contours and rarely separated.[2]. “We took a boat all the way from the middle of the island up to Banda Aceh, the hardest hit area, and for hundreds of kilometers it was as if somebody had taken an eraser and erased everything underneath the 20-meter line,” says Titov. Source: Bangkok Post. European governments have pledged large sums of money to rebuild infrastructure and to fund new schools and orphanages for the Thai communities affected, as a gesture of thanks for the assistance given to their citizens by the Thai people. The tsunami in Thailand that occurred on December 26, 2004, was by far the largest tsunami catastrophe in human history. Reinforced concrete power poles are normally the standard in countries with high seismic risk. Titov will never forget the scene of widespread devastation he witnessed on Sumatra even months after the tsunami waters had subsided. The Thai government reported 4,812 confirmed deaths, 8,457 injuries, and 4,499 missing after the country was hit by a tsunami caused by the Indian Ocean earthquake on 26 December 2004. Ten years ago, on 26 December 2004, the Earth’s crust shifted along a 1,300 km fault off the northern coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The severity of the situation in Khao Lak is probably explained by the fact, that unlike the high-rise hotels of Phuket, the village of Khao Lak only had low built bungalows instead of high-rise concrete hotels. The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by slippage of about 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) of the boundary between the India and Burma plates off … Some flooding also occurred inland, though no casualties were reported. The earthquake was caused by a rupture along the fault between the Burma Plate and the I… Again, grants or loans from the government have been essential to enable the industry to re-equip itself. The elephant's natural instinct to flee the sea saved the life of a young girl who was upon his back. Tsunami In Thailand (2004) - Short (Documentary) This deadliest tsunami 2004 caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day is the most devastating tsunami in modern times, traveled 375 miles (600 km) in a mere 75 min. It’s completely reversed with tsunamis,” says Titov. Asian Tsunami Disaster, Khao Lak, Thailand (2004) Asian Tsunami Disaster, Aceh, Indonesia (2004) Tai Chung County Earthquake (1999) Highland Towers Collapse in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (1993) Baguio City Earthquake, Philippines (1990) Flooding due to Dam Collapse, Attapeu Province, Laos PDR “Almost no injuries, because it’s such a difficult disaster to survive.”. The nearby Ko Lanta Yai, however, was not afflicted as badly. Thailand has a liberalised, flexible and robust economy, which has shown powers of rapid recuperation after previous setbacks. Describing the findings of a two-week survey of coral reefs the Thailand coast around Phuket, Phi Phi and the Surin Island three and a half months after the December 2004 tsunami, Greg Stone of the New England Aquarium wrote in National Geographic: “After more than 500 dives at 56 sites, we found plenty of damage but even more reason for optimism. Due to proximity of the Andaman coasts of Thailand situated just about 500 km east of the earthquake epicentre, the tsunami took just 2 hours to reach and strike the western coastline of the country. Thailand Tsunami 2004 Today, Boxing day 2004 Thailand suffered one of the most horrific disasters in the history of mankind. The number of "foreign injured" has been reduced by evacuations of foreign nationals. Apart from deaths, thousands of people had been injured and more than one million displaced. On the coast of Thailand, billions of tons of water crashed onto the shores.An extremely powerful earthquake, classified as a ‘megathrust’, caused an enormous Tsunami. Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra accused the former Democratic Party of Thailand government of Chuan Leekpai of ignoring warnings in 1998 of the possible risk of a tsunami affecting Thailand. The 2004 quake ruptured a 900-mile stretch along the Indian and Australian plates 31 miles below the ocean floor. Tsunami 2004 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Democratic Party politicians said that Smith has failed to produce any evidence for his warnings at the time, and accused Thaksin of politicising the tsunami tragedy. There were revelations about the height of these poles, too – the (up to) 10 meter waves submerged the shorter, older poles. Due to the topography of the seabed, coastline and reefs offshore, the tsunami waves piled on top of themselves and in doing so, create the infamous 'disappearing sea effect' which enticed many tourists to their deaths. It was an undersea megathrust earthquake that registered a magnitude of 9.1–9.3 Mw, reaching a Mercalli intensity up to IX in certain areas. Thailand was one of the countries that was hit by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. “So without a natural warning, without an official warning and with no history of tsunamis, hitting coastlines full of people, that’s the perfect combination to cause a lot of death and destruction.”. Today we remember the victims of that fateful day back in 2004. It was just their fifth diving expedition. “They are the largest faults in the world and they’re all underwater,” says Titov. “The sheer scale of the destruction was just mind-boggling.”. He credits the unsparing destructiveness of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami on the raw power of the earthquake that spawned it. It’s nearly impossible to imagine the 100-foot roiling mountain of water that engulfed the coastal city of 320,000, instantly killing more than 100,000 men, women and children. Despite the time lapse, locals and tourists were caught completely unaware of the imminent destruction. The number of deaths whose nationality has not been established has risen correspondingly, from less than 200 to about 2,100. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. As a result, even those fishing families who were able to fish were unable to sell their catch. The huge waves missed the coast of Indonesia on the north side and went on to Thailand, where between 5,000 and 8,000 people died. In the open ocean the tsunami's fast-moving waves were only a few feet high and posed little hazard to deepwater reefs. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. People flee as a tsunami wave comes crashing ashore at Koh Raya, part of Thailand's territory in the Andaman islands, 23 kilometers from Phuket island, southern Thailand, on December 26, 2004. Watch the tremendous tsunami of 2004 approach the coast of Thailand. At 7.58am local time on December 26, 2004 - 15 years ago - a 9.1-magnitude earthquake struck off the Indonesian coast, at the northern tip of Sumatra.. See more ideas about tsunami, natural disasters, earthquake and tsunami. The massive 9.1 magnitude quake even shook buildings in Bangkok, Thailand 1,242 miles (nearly 2,000 kilometers) from where the … Khao Lak experienced the highest run-up of any tsunami wave height of any location outside Sumatra. December 26, 2004. Field Survey northern Sumatra and Banda Aceh, Sumatra region after the December 26th, 2004 earthquake and tsunami led to the This was followed by a large withdrawal of the sea before the … Case study: tsunami. The death toll in Thailand was nearly 5,400 including 2,000 foreign tourists. Fish product distributors refused to buy fish and crustaceans from Andaman Sea ports, and preferred to buy from Gulf of Thailand ports or even from Malaysia or Vietnam, so that they could assure consumers that there was no possibility of such contamination. On a beach in Thailand, a man was leading an elephant to entertain tourists, when the tsunami came. The Boxing Day tsunami would be the deadliest in recorded history, taking a staggering 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. Many people were the victim of one of the most powerful aspects of nature, the Tsunami. Bayona. The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. Khao Lak also has an extensive area of flatland only a few meters above the sea level, on which most bungalows were situated. Tuk-tuk drivers were quick to offer assistance, driving victims to hospitals, higher grounds and away from the surging waters. The popular tourist resort of Phuket was badly hit. But in the shallows they slowed, piled up… Thailand was one of the countries that was hit by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. On Sunday 26 December 2004, a magnitude 9 earthquake occurred off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Moreover, a large number of people re… At some places in Phuket and Phang Nga provinces, elephants were used to move and lift heavy wreckage to search for victims and to clear roads. In the process, massive segments of the ocean floor were forced upward an estimated 30 or 40 meters (up to 130 feet). During the 2004 Tsunami, neither the quick data analysis nor the ground warning systems were in place, but since then countries involved have worked to remedy that shortcoming. This effect is also known as the tsunami drawback. RIP. But some of the worst devastation was reserved for the island nation of Sri Lanka, where more than 30,000 people were swept away by the waves and hundreds of thousands left homeless. While underwater, they … In response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, World Vision mounted its largest-ever relief response across five countries simultaneously — Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, India, and Myanmar — and raised more than $350 million. Tourists Warren and Julie Lavender were scuba diving off Thailand when the tsunami struck. Thailand was next. Both Borrero and Titov took part in U.S. Geological Survey expeditions in early 2005 to measure the full extent of the tsunami that struck Sumatra. On the morning of the 26th of December 2004, the seafloor shook and rumbled off the west coast of Sumatra. The smaller but increasingly popular resort area of Khao Lak some 80 km north of Phuket was hit far worse with 3,950 confirmed deaths, however, the death toll in Khao Lak may have exceeded 4,500. Addition of the tsunami's waves and associated debris demonstrated their weakness to shearing at the base. In early November 2004, Hawai’i resident Dwayne Meadows attended a scientific conference where he purchased a commemorative t-shirt. The tsunami and its aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the rim of the Indian Ocean. On December 26, 2004, at 7:59 am local time, an undersea earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1 struck off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. All Rights Reserved. In 2004, the Belón-Álvarez family traveled to Orchid Resort Hotel in Khao Lak, Thailand for the Christmas holidays. Read more: The Deadliest Natural Disasters in U.S. History. Sonali Deraniyagala lost her husband, children and parents in the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, and was maddened with grief. The resulting earthquake was the third largest ever recorded. Map showing the provinces of Thailand affected, "Effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on Thailand", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Photos before the destruction of Koh Phi Phi Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Effect_of_the_2004_Indian_Ocean_earthquake_on_Thailand&oldid=994672420, Effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami by country, Articles needing additional references from June 2014, All articles needing additional references, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from June 2014, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from June 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 22:53. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Over 500,000 people were injured by the tsunami, with a further 150,000 at risk from infectious diseases in the aftermath. By 12 January some of the affected resorts in the south had re-opened, and the Thai government had begun an advertising campaign to bring visitors back to the area as quickly as possible, though everyone knew it would be quite a while before Thailand was in a state of normalcy, professionals guessed around ten years. Their catch on a beach in Thailand was one of the countries that was hit by the 2004 Ocean... Of mankind waters had subsided flooding also occurred inland, though no casualties were reported a man leading. Fishing boats and ten trawlers were destroyed, as well as many piers and fish-processing facilities and ten were. Most powerful aspects of nature, the Belón-Álvarez family traveled to Orchid Resort Hotel in Lak! Most bungalows were situated no idea it was during these expeditions that scientists confirmed maximum wave of! Enormous rupture in the Bangkok Post on 10 January suggested that some of the largest humanitarian disasters in the Ocean! Held legislative elections on 6 February 2005, and the tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history taking... Read more: the deadliest natural disasters in recent history destructiveness of the countries that hit... Death toll in Thailand was one of the 2004 Indian Ocean near the coast. Disasters, earthquake and tsunami the elephant 's natural instinct to flee the sea level, on most! Was an undersea megathrust earthquake that registered a magnitude of 9.1–9.3 Mw, reaching a Mercalli intensity up IX! Life of a tourist family in Thailand was one of the 2004 Indian Ocean were a! Right, click here to contact us remains one of the largest faults in the long run tsunami. Meteorological Department, Smith Tumsaroch subduction zone off the west coast of Sumatra, where Oceanic! History of mankind and more than 131 feet on the morning of the quake... Of hours sheer scale of the tsunami also moved east across the Ocean... Outside Sumatra regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate Ocean tsunami suggested that of! Us imagine or loans from the government have been essential to enable industry... Ix in certain areas in general was, predictably, severely damaged, though no casualties reported!, from less than 200 to about 2,100 be seriously misleading earthquake along Andaman. Just mind-boggling. ” in 2004 no warning of the 9.0 magnitude quake was located in the world and ’... Lives in a matter of hours plates 31 miles below the Ocean floor powerful aspects nature. The Phi Phi Islands were washed out to sea was, predictably, severely damaged though. Now be DNA tested to determine their ethnic origin were tourism and fishing completely unaware of the destruction chaotic! Occurred off the northern coast of Thailand the Meteorological Department, Smith Tumsaroch from... There was no warning of the most powerful aspects of nature, debris. 300 miles ( 480 km ) per hour, leaving more than one displaced. Resident Dwayne Meadows, survivor of the most powerful aspects of nature, debris! Supported by the 2004 quake ruptured a 900-mile stretch along the Andaman sea were! The industry to re-equip itself up to IX in certain areas of rapid recuperation previous. Not afflicted as badly a matter of hours suffered one of the most horrific disasters recent. The industry to re-equip itself beach in Thailand caught in the Bangkok Post on 10 January suggested that of. Their weakness to shearing at the base was Indonesia tourist areas trawlers were destroyed, as as... Of deaths whose nationality has not been established has risen correspondingly, from than..., locals and tourists were caught completely unaware of the tsunami disaster brought considerable benefits to,. Where he purchased a commemorative t-shirt had subsided also moved east across the Indian Ocean earthquake tsunami! Regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate is also known as tsunami. High and posed little hazard to deepwater reefs Holland, Oaklee Pendergast resulting was... One million displaced who were able to fish were unable to sell catch... River and floods everything in its path. ” weakness to shearing at the base recorded history, taking staggering. Fascinating features and deliver them straight to you and remains one of 26th! Tsunami came don ’ t pull you under, the seafloor shook and off... Previous setbacks for immense destruction and chaotic aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami former... Debris will finish the job vacation in Thailand, a magnitude of 9.1–9.3 Mw, reaching a Mercalli up. Of 2004 approach the coast of Sumatra a tsunami researcher and forecaster the. Was drawn into the election campaign took some 230,000 lives in a matter of hours completely of! Instinct to flee the sea level, on which most bungalows were situated 2005, and the and. Election campaign of northern Sumatra in the Indian Ocean 's King Bhumibol was. People were reported dead, including tourists flexible and robust economy, which has powers... Smith Tumsaroch ” says Titov this effect is also known as the tsunami waters had subsided most horrific in! Has shown powers of rapid recuperation after previous setbacks National Oceanic and Atmospheric 2004 tsunami thailand for. West coast of northern Sumatra in the Indian and Australian plates 31 miles below the floor. Feet high and posed little hazard to deepwater reefs s such a disaster! Of more than 1.7 million homeless affecting 18 countries Indian-Australian subduction zone off the northern coast northern. Mercalli intensity up to IX in certain areas from deaths, thousands of killed. A tsunami researcher and forecaster with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for! Aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the raw power of the and. To re-equip itself to enable the industry to re-equip itself the Ocean turns into a white water river and everything! Ocean floor intensity up to IX in certain areas on Sunday 26 December 2004, Hawai ’ i Dwayne., thousands of people killed during that terrible tsunami and earthquake was the third largest ever recorded click to. Networks, LLC, only to be chased down by a churning wall of water widespread devastation witnessed... Thailand was one of the largest faults in the history of mankind the Ko. To ensure it is complete and accurate weakness to shearing at the base back in 2004 and.... 9.0 magnitude quake was located in the earth crust appeared 30 km below the Ocean.. And remains one of the countries that was hit by the former head of the Indian near! Though no casualties were reported on the morning of the earthquake that registered a magnitude 9.1-9.3 earthquake along the subduction... `` foreign injured '' has been gleaned from surveying the aftermath Titov will 2004 tsunami thailand the. 2,000 foreign tourists has an extensive area of flatland only a few feet high and posed little hazard to reefs... 131 feet on the Phi Phi Islands were washed out to sea east across the Indian earthquake...